AR between the World wars

By: Mithul Manivannan

Post war AR

Hope after WWI was brought. There was economic improvements to most Americans. Advances in technology had changed many peoples life dramatically such as electricity, the telephone, automobile, and other which made life more enjoyable, this brought more free time and entertainment.

Oil and boom towns

Oil: Over 1.8 billion barrels of oil was produced in Arkansas from 1920's to 2003. Only ten counties produced oil and they were from Ashley, Bradley, Calhoun, Columbia, Hempstead, Lafayette, Miller, Nevada, Ouachita, and Union. All of these counties are from the south. Most oil was from Union, Lafayette, Columbia, and Ouachita.


Boom Town: After the production of oil in El Dorado(Union County), it became from an isolated agricultural city to the capital of oil in Arkansas. El Dorado boasted fifty-nine oil companies, thirteen, oil operators, and twenty-two oil production companies. The population of El Dorado went from 4,000 to 25,000 in one month. The oil-producing area covered 25,000 acres by 1925 and it became the largest-producing oil site in the world.

Violence

Outwardly, Klansman promoted patriotic and moral standards. But secretly they promoted hatred and violence, As more members joined and groups gained confidence, their violent acts increased. They intimidated, beat, and lynched hundreds of black citizens. Sometimes they attacked Jews, Catholics, moonshiners, gamblers, and foreign immigrants. There were more than just that. One fight was over the theory evolution. One side was that god created humans from the bible, and the other is that humans were from the theory of evolution stating that we were from chimpanzees

Flood of 1927

The Flood of 1927 was the flood from the Mississippi river. It covered over 23,000 square miles of land and killed around 250 people. The first levee broke in April 16, which was one of the reasons the flood happened. The water went up to 30 feet high, this caused the African-Americans to work more. Some of the levee's were in Greenville. White women and children were hauled to safety. African Americans gathered in relief camps also were forced to participate in relief efforts, while receiving inferior provisions for themselves, and to clean up flooded areas.