Complex Carbohydrates

The Good Carbs By :Madison Perry

Description

A carbohydrate, as sucrose or starch, that consists of two or more monosaccharide units. The role of carbohydrates is to provide energy, as they are the body’s main source of fuel, needed for physical activity, brain function and operation of the organs. The digestive system changes carbohydrates into glucose, also known as blood sugar. Some glucose is used for energy and the rest is stored in the liver and muscles for later use.

Sources

Dairy

· Low fat yogurt

· Skim milk


Nuts, Seeds and Legumes

· Lentils

· Kidney beans

· Chick peas

· Pinto beans

· Soymilk


Whole Grains

· Buckwheat

· Brown rice

· Corn

· Wheat

· Oats


Fruits and Vegetables

· Potatoes

· Tomatoes

· Onions

· Strawberries

· Beans

Effects

Not Enough carbs:


· Lack of Energy

· Constipation

· Nutritional Deficiencies

· Nausea, Headache and Bad Breath


Too Many carbs:


· Weight Gain

· Tooth Decay

Other Facts

Simple and complex carbs are eventually metabolized into glucose. While simple carbs break down quickly, complex carbs take extra time. Complex carbs, such as starch, start breaking down in your mouth when saliva turns them into maltose, which is a simple carbohydrate.


Both types of carbohydrates offer 4 calories per gram, and between 45 and 65 percent of your total calories should come from carbs. If you normally stick to a 2,000-calorie diet, you need 225 to 325 grams daily. Your diet should have a balance of complex and simple carbohydrates.

Actrostic Poem

Come from plsnt based foods

Our bodies digest them slowly

Main source of energy

Provides vitamins, minerals, and fiber

Loaded with nutrients

Examples are fresh fruit and veggies, whole grain bread, and brown rice

X-marks the spot where the sugars branch off


Choose these kinds of carbs for a healthier diet

An enzymecalled amylase helps break them down

Rich in fiber

Broken down into simple sugars

Starch is used by plants as a way to store energy

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