Nelson Mandela

By: Rachel Kass

Introduction

  • His full name is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
  • Born on July 18th, 1918
  • Died on December 5th, 2013
  • Born in Mvezo (a district in the Treanskei Territory)
  • Had 3 brothers and 9 sisters
  • Was married 3 times
  • Had 6 children
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Early Life

  • Was the first to attend school in his family
  • Attended primary school in Qunu
  • Completed his junior certificate at Clarkebury Boarding Institute
  • Attended Healdtown, where he matriculated
  • Began studies for a BA at the University of Fort Hare, but never completed his degree
  • He later obtained a law degree from the University of South Africa

Political Activity

  • 1944 - Joins the ANC and helps found the ANC Youth League with Oliver Tambo
  • 1951 - Becomes president of the ANC Youth League
  • December 5, 1956 - Mandela is among 156 resistance leaders arrested and charged with treason
  • August 5, 1962 - Mandela is arrested on charges of provoking workers to strike and leaving the country without valid travel documents
  • November 7, 1962 - Mandela is sentenced to prison
  • December 13, 1989 - Mandela and FW de Klerk meet for the first time
  • February 11, 1990 - Mandela is released from prison
  • July 1991 - Mandela is elected president of the African National Congress
  • April 29, 1994 - Elected the first black president of the Republic of South Africa
  • May 10, 1994 - Mandela is sworn in as president
  • June 1999 - Mandela leaves office
Nelson Mandela Speech after election as President

Prison

  • Mandela was sent to Robben Island in Capetown, South Africa for 18 years
  • Then, he was sent to Pollsmoor prison for 9 years
  • Was freed in 1990 by President FW de Clerk
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Connection to Kaffir Boy

  • Nelson Mandela was a driving force in the ANC, which was dedicated to eradicating the system of Apartheid that Johannes faced throughout his childhood
  • Mandela helped to alleviate the issues of poverty, hunger, disease, and inequality in South Africa, all of which Johannes dealt with
  • Johannes's goal was to have equality and Mandela helped to achieve that

Bibliography

  • CNN, Library. "Nelson Mandela Fast Facts - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 5 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 May 2015.
  • "Biography of Nelson Mandela." Biography – Nelson Mandela Foundation. Nelson Mandela Organization, n.d. Web. 03 May 2015.
  • "Nelson Mandela". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
    Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 03 May. 2015
  • "The Nelson Mandela Page." The Nelson Mandela Page. African National Congress, n.d. Web. 03 May 2015.