Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

المملكة العربية السعودية


Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is the largest Arab state in Western Asia by land area (approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), and the second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen in the south. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast and much of its terrain consists of inhospitable desert.

National Anthem

It is referred to simply as The National Anthem (النشيد الوطني ), although it is commonly known by its incipit, Sārʿī (سارعي,),. The lyrics call upon the country to hasten to greatness and raise the flag, glorify God, and asks Him to grant the King of Saudi Arabia long life.

The instrumental version is called the Royal Salute (السلام الملكي as-Salām al-Malakiyy) which is also the name of the ceremony in which it is played to salute senior members of the royal family as well as diplomatic figures.

Saudi Arabia National Anthem

The Flag

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Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy. However, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia (Islamic law) and the Quran, while the Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country's constitution. No political parties or national elections are permitted.

Monarchy and royal family

The king combines legislative, executive, and judicial functions and royal decrees form the basis of the country's legislation. The king is also the prime minister, and presides over the Council of Ministers , which comprises the first and second deputy prime ministers and other ministers. The royal family dominates the political system. The family's vast numbers allow it to control most of the kingdom's important posts and to have an involvement and presence at all levels of government. The number of princes is estimated to be at least 7,000, with most power and influence being wielded by the 200 or so male descendants of Ibn Saud.


Saudi Arabia's command economy is petroleum-based; roughly 75% of budget revenues and 90% of export earnings come from the oil industry. It is strongly dependent on foreign workers with about 80% of those employed in the private sector being non-Saudi. Among the challenges to Saudi economy include halting or reversing the decline in per capita income, improving education to prepare youth for the workforce and providing them with employment, diversifying the economy, stimulating the private sector and housing construction, diminishing corruption and inequality. The oil industry comprises about 45% of Saudi Arabia's nominal gross domestic product, compared with 40% from the private sector . Saudi Arabia officially has about 260 billion barrels (4.1×1010 m3) of oil reserves, comprising about one-fifth of the world's proven total petroleum reserves


Saudi Arabia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab civilization. This culture has been bolstered by the austerely puritanical Wahhabi form of Islam, which arose in the eighteenth century and now predominates in the country. The many limitations on behavior and dress are strictly enforced both legally and socially. Ghutrah is a traditional headdress typically worn by Arab men. Agal is an item of Arab headgear.Abaya is a women's garment. It is a black cloak which loosely covers the entire body except the head.
CBS News goes inside Saudi Arabia

Question Time

  1. Which sea is to the west of Saudi Arabia?

  2. Which is the capital of Saudi Arabia?

  3. Which is the official language of Saudi Arabia?

  4. How many princes are at least estimated to be?

Thank You

By Group Saudi Arabia