Type 1 Diabetes

Just a spoon full of insulin, helps the sugar go down

How is my body different than non-diabetics?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means that one's own body is attacking itself, in this case the pancreas. This results in the pancreas not being able to make insulin, which is a hormone that evacuates sugar from the blood into cells. The insulin acts as a key to open the cells to retrieve the sugar, but without the key the sugar cannot get in causing buildup of sugar around the cells. This damages nerves, eyes and kidneys. Therefore, it is very important to get your diabetes under control.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are excessive thirst and urination, irritably, and headaches including blurry vision.

What precautions do I need to take?

Diet-

Carbs: You will want to eat more complex sugar so they will take longer to break down, causing less of a spike in blood sugar

eat whole grain options on things such as bread, rice, and flour

don't eat white bread, french fries, and tortillas

Lipids: Avoid saturated and trans fats because they lead to heart disease and diabetics are already at risk

eat plant oils, peanut butter, nuts, and seeds

don't eat butter, chocolate, cream sauces, and palm oil

Protein: provides long lasting energy

eat plant based proteins, fish, and chicken

don't eat proteins high in carbs


Blood sugar monitoring-

Test blood sugar at least 4-8 times a day before meals and snacks, before and after exercise, before bed, and occasionally during day. If sick or change medication check more often.


Exercise-

Exercising is important for everyone including diabetics. It will help keep up health, but be sure to check blood sugar because to high or too low blood sugar can cause damage while exercise. This can be fixed by a simple pre-exercise snack or carbs food or drink after exercise.

Who can help?

Nutritionist can help set a meal plan to limit carbs, and give you the sense you aren't alone. Certified diabetic educator educates and supports people affected with diabetes to understand and manage their disease. Both promote self-management to achieve treatment goals.

Endocrinologist specialize in body system that produce hormones in your case the pancreas. Can help get get diabetes under control and help when one develops severe conditions.

Treatment

  • Taking insulin
  • carbs counting
  • monitor blood sugar
  • eat healthy foods
  • exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight

Biblography

Network, Healthline. "Want Information? Want to Take Action? We Want to Help." 16 Funny Diabetes Quotes and Cards. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.


heading



Medicine, Miller School Of. "What Is Type 1 Diabetes?" What Is Type 1 Diabetes? Diabetes Research Institute Foundation, 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.


Background


Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/blood-sugar/art-20046628



Exercise and Type 1 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/fitness/exercise-and-type-1-diabetes.html


3 Things Dietitians Can Do to Help You Control Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,20188347,00.html


Diabetes Education, Certification, Examination, Diabetes Self-Management | NCBDE. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.ncbde.org/


Type 1 diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/basics/treatment/con-20019573