Mining And Fracking
By: Olivia and Annalise
Types of Mining
Subsurface Mining- Is a type of mining that takes place underground using techniques such as Slope, Drift, and Shaft
On the other hand, Subsurface mining is more laborious and expensive to excavate. There are also many risks such as low oxygen levels, the accidental release of harmful gases, natural disasters like collapsing of tunnels, and the dangerously high temperatures.
The exfoliation of layers of rock over a large area. Some effects include removal of vegetation and disturbance of top soil, hence ruing the ecosystem and leaving the soil vulnerable to erosion.
A cut made in the Earth's surface similar to a Strip, but more of a pit formation. The effects are similar to the effects of strip mining but it disturbs some of the deeper layers of rock instead of ripping up all of the topsoil
Mountain Top Removal
The removal of the peaks of mountains in order to gather natural resources. The effects for this one are rather obvious, you cant take of the top of a mountain without damaging an ecosystem, this takes away a home for plants and the animals that rely on them.
An inclined cut that runs down to the natural resources. Effects would include removal of soil, removal of vegetation, exposure of harmful gases and vulnerability of collapsing.
An almost-horizontal corridor in a mine that can be found on the side of a hill. Effects would include vulnerability of collapsing and disturbance of lower layers of rock.
Vertical drilling down to the resources. Effects for this type of mining include low oxygen levels, and dangerous collapses.