Amazing Science Learning

By: Emma Wolfenberger and Morgan Taylor

Five Concepts Of Science

The five concepts of science are:

1) Science Safety Equipment

2) Metals, Non-Metals, and Metalloids

3) Density

4) Minerals

5) Investigations

Science Safety Equipment (Concept 1)

There are six items we use to ensure our safety in science. They are:

eye goggles, aprons, an eye wash station, a fire blanket, a fire extinguisher, and gloves/tongs.

Eye Goggles

We use eye goggles to protect our eyes from getting damaged.

How we use:

Strap and put the eye goggles over your head and secure over your eyes.


We wear apron's to protect our front area.

How To Use:

1) Put the strap around your neck

2) With the apron covering your front

3) Take the two strings from your sides and tie them around your back.

Eye Wash Station

We use an eye wash station to rinse our eyes.

How To Use:

1) Don't rub your eyes.

2) Lead person to eye wash station

3) Rinse your eye for fifteen minutes.

Fire Blanket

We use a fire blanket to put out small fires.

How To Use:

1) Unfold blanket

2) Cover the fire completely with the blanket

3) Hold the blanket over fire until heat is gone

*Do not fan the fire

Fire Extinguisher

We use a fire extinguisher to control or put out a fire.

How To Use:

Pull the pin

Aim at the source/base

Squeeze the trigger

Sweep back and forth


We use gloves or tongs to protect our hands.

How To Use:

1) Open glove

2) Insert your hand to where your hand is fully covered

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Metals, Non-Metals, and Metalloids (Concept 2)

Metals, non-metals, and metalloids are all very different. To identify a metal, look for a material with a grayish-silver color, conductivity, sometimes luster, one that is magnetic, is malleable, and is ductile. Non-metal are almost the opposite of metals, being brittle, poor conductors, (insulator) and non-magnetic. Metalloids are in the middle, with some metal qualities and some non-metal qualities.

Testing Physical Properties

How to Test:

Luster- With a flashlight

Conductivity- With a circuit

Malleability/Brittleness- With a hammer

Ductile- If it's bendable (bend with hands)

Magnetic- With a magnet

Location on the Periodic Table

All of the metals are located on the left side of the periodic table. Non-metals are located on the right of the periodic table, along the with exception of Hydrogen. The metalloids divide the non-metals and metals, being in a line in the middle of the periodic table.
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Science 14 Properties of Metals, nonmetals and metalloids

Density (Concept 3)

Density is whether an object sinks or floats. Water weighs 1 gram, so if the item weighs more than one gram, it will sink. If it ways less, it will float.

How to Calculate the Volume of a Regular Object

To calculate the volume of a regular object, multiply length times width times height.

How to Calculate the Volume of a Irregular Object

To calculate the volume of an irregular object, first put a specific amount of water in a graduated cylinder, and measure how much you put in. It has to be enough to cover the object. Then gently add the object into the water, and measure how high the water level is now. Subtract the level with the object from the level with just the water.

How to Find the Mass of an Object

To find the mass of an object is very easy. You would use a triple-beam balance, and make sure everything is at zero. Then, place the object onto the balance and it will go down, suggesting that it weighs more than zero. Then you'd have to find the weight by testing weights until the object and the weights are the same.

How to Calculate Density

To calculate density, you simply divide the mass by the volume to get the answer.
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Minerals (Concept 4)

Minerals are basically rocks that have all of one material. While rock is different little rocks together, minerals consist of only one item. The physical properties of minerals are:

1) Malleability

2) Conductivity

3) Hardness

4) Streak

5) Luster

6) Color/Texture

7) Mineral Crystal

8) Magnetic Attraction

We use Moh's Hardness Scale to test the main ten minerals on how hard they are. They are organized in that way.

Four Main Types

The main physical properties we use to test minerals is hardness, luster, streak, and color. Hardness is how hard the mineral is. We test hardness by if a fingernail, pencil point, penny, etc. can scratch it. Luster is how shiny the mineral is. We test this by looking at the mineral in a light to determine it's luster. Streak is if it leaves a color when you rub it against a hard surface. We test streak by rub the mineral on a white surface, and judging the color. Finally, color is based upon what the color looks like. We test the mineral with our eyes to determine the color(s).

Moh's Hardness Scale

Moh's hardness scale was made to determine and organize the minerals by how hard they are.
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Investigations (Concept 5)

A variable in a investigation is the thing that changes. As an example, a variable in a investigation can be the item. We can test the same exact things on that item, but both the items and the answers will change.
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