Vietnam War

Zach and Richard (Upper-level Regime members)

Terms

Cold War- A state of political hostility between the United States and the Soviets characterized by propaganda, and other methods other than open warfare

Containment- A foreign policy of the United States adopted by the Truman Administration in 1947, operating on the idea that communist governments would eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence

DMZ- DMZ stands for demilitarized zone

Domino Theory- The theory that one political event will cause similar events in neighboring countries

Draft- (Draft day, Johnny Manziel, five years later how am I the man still) A system for selecting men for the military administered by the United States

General William Westmoreland- a four star general who commanded the United States army at the peak of the Vietnam war

Ho Chi Minh- Vietnamese leader and North Vietnam's first president, he was a leader of the Viet Cong

My Lai Massacre- A mass killing of Vietnamese villagers in South Vietnam executed by US militants, it became a symbol for those who opposed the war

National Liberation Front- A political organization founded by the Viet Cong

Ngo Dinh Diem- The first president of South Vietnam, led the effort to create the Republic of Vietnam and was supported by the United States and was later assassinated

Pentagon Papers- A classified study of the Vietnam War carried out by the Department of Defense, the papers were handed over to the New York Times and The Washington Post by Daniel Ellseberg, the Supreme Court upheld their right to publish these documents

Tet Offensive- One of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched by the Viet Cong against the US and South Vietnam

Viet Cong- A member of the communist guerrilla warfare in Vietnam that fought against South Vietnam and the United States

Pathway to War, the Gulf of Tonkin Incident

Synopsis- On August 2, 1964, two ships in the Gulf of Tonkin were attacked by Northern Vietnamese, President Johnson in return, asked Congress to approve all actions related to the Vietnam War. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution was repealed in 1971.

Impact- The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution had a negative impact on the image of the Johnson administration and reflected poorly on the United States because it led to us fighting a war that was not necessary for our safety and ultimately led to the loss of thousands of lives.

Creating Context (10 Most Important Events of The Vietnam)

Attack on the USS Maddox: August 2nd, 1964

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: August 4th, 1964

Operation Rolling Thunder: March 2nd, 1965

Tet Offensive: January 30th, 1968

My Lai Massacre: March 16th, 1968

United States vs. David Paul O'Brien: May 27th,1968

Vietnamization: June 1969

Ho Chin Minh dies: September 3, 1969

Operation Linebacker: March 30th,1972

Vietnam Cease Fire Signed: January 27th, 1973

In Their Own Words

Gerald Waite by Zachary Klement

Gerald Waite grew up around the Vietnam War and his earliest memories of the war came from grade school. Throughout high school and college he wanted to enter the draft however he had to wait until his grades were good enough to enlist, once he was selected he underwent training in the states and was shipped off to Vietnam. He helped build villages for people in South Vietnam and said that he really enjoyed their culture and said that the Vietnamese treated the American soldiers very well, his scariest memories from the war took place during random bombing sessions.

Protest Music

1. Imagine (John Lennon)

2. Blowing In The Wind (Peter Paul and Mary)

3. Born In The USA (Bruce Springsteen)

4. Give Peace A Chance (John Lennon)

5. For What It's Worth (Buffalo Springfield)

6. War (Edwin Starr)

7. Eve Of Destruction (Barry McGuire)

8. I-Feel-Like-I-Am-Fixing-To-Die-Rag (Joe MacDonald)

9. The Unknown Soldier (Jim Morrison and The Doors)

10. Orange Crush (R.E.M.)

Honorable Mentions: Started From The Bottom (Drake)

Hugh Thompson

Hugh Thompson was a hero, he risked his life by pointing his gun at US soldiers in an attempt to save as many Vietnamese, his efforts spared the lives of about twenty villagers.

William Calley

William Calley is most definitely a villain, he led the My Lai Massacre and is responsible for the death of nearly five hundred Vietnamese. He was sentenced to life in prison but got out on parole after a few years.
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The Story Behind The Picture

Larry Burrows was one of many wartime photographers who put his life on the line to help capture footage of the war. Photographers that do this are heroes because they risk their lives to help bring back historical artifacts for us to see. Larry lost his life in the war which is rare for photographers.