Reproductive Health Screenings
When do I get an Exam?
- Excessive discharge
- Lower stomach pain
- Have not started period at age 15
- Menstrual bleeding lasts more than ten days
- Missing periods (especially if having sex)
- Very painful menstrual cramps resulting in missing school or work
- Skin changes
- Urinary problems
The doctor will examine areas around your vagina.
Doctor will insert a speculum, a metal or plastic instrument, into your vagina. After being inserted it will slowly up the vagina, so the doctor can view your vaginal canal and cervix. After, the doctor may use a thin plastic rod to swab cells from the cervix. This is a pap test. If there is discharge, the doctor may take a sample to check yeast and different causes of discharge.
During the last part of the exam, the doctor will check your female organs. Your fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus or womb. The doctor will insert one or two gloved fingers into the vagina, while using the other hand to press gently on your lower stomach.
Male vs Female Doctors
- About 45% prefer to be examined by female doctors
- About 4.2% prefer to be examined by male doctors
- The remaining 53% do not have a preference
Miranda, Aurora M., MD, FACOG. "Pelvic Examination." MedScape. 01 Apr. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"Survival Rate for Prostate Cancer." American Cancer Society. 3 Dec. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
When Should I get an Exam?
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased urine stream
- Blood in semen
- Discomfort in pelvic area
- Bone pain
- Erectile dysfunction
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
During a DRE test, the doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for any unusual bumps, lumps, soft or hard spots. Additional testing may be required up to the doctor's discretion. DRE testing can be used for men and women to test for prostate cancer in men, rectal cancer or colon cancer in men or women, and uterine or ovarian cancer in women.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Test
Prostate-specific antigen is a protein produced in the cells of the prostate gland. The PSA test measures the level os PSA in a man's blood. If the blood level is higher, it may rise due to prostate cancer.
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
"Your First Pelvic Exam." Center for Young Women's Health. 7 Oct. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
Mayo Clinic Staff. "Pelvic Exam." Mayo Clinic. 9 May 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"Pelvic Exam Cost." CostHelper. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
Espat, Adelina. "Men: Cancer Screening Exams by Age." MD Anderson Cancer Center. Aug. 2013. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
Mayo Clinic Staff. "Prostate Cancer Symptoms." Mayo Clinic. 03 Mar. 2015. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
Skler, Geoffrey, MD. "The Importance of a Prostate Exam." University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center. 2013. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
My sources are reliable, most of the sources are recently published or updated. The authors are doctors or are part of a renown clinic and/or highly reliable scholar. A reliable website lists their sources and/or endorsed by a professional organization. The articles I cited are not bias and do not contain evidence of the author's opinion.