Ancient Greece Newspaper

By:Alisha Joshi

Alexander the Great

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (Alexander the Great, Alexander III of Macedon) King of Macedonia was born in late July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia, he was one of the greatest military genius in history. He conquered much of what was then the civilized world, driven by his divine ambition of the world conquest and the creation of a universal world monarchy. Alexander inherited from his father King Philip . He was the first great conqueror who reached Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Asia up to western India. He is famous for having created the ethnic fusion of the Macedonians and the Persians. Alexander created an empire which brought him eternal glory. He brought Greek ideas, culture and life style to the countries which he conquered, and assured expansion and domination of Hellenistic Culture which, together with Roman Civilization and Christianity, constitutes the foundation of what is now called Western Civilization.

Alexander the Great’s military tactics and strategies are still studied in military academies today. From his first victory at age 18, Alexander gained a reputation of leading his men to battle with impressive speed, allowing smaller forces to reach and break the enemy lines before his foes were ready. After securing his kingdom in Greece, in 334 B.C. Alexander crossed into Asia (present-day Turkey) where he won a series of battles with the Persians under Darius III. The centerpiece of Alexander’s fighting force was the 15,000-strong Macedonian phalanx, whose units held off the sword-wielding Persians with 20-foot-long pikes called sarissa.

Editorial section: Voting System

Athens in the 4th to 5th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government whereby all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena. This system was democracy. Further, not did citizens participate in a direct democracy whereby they themselves made the decisions by which they lived, but they also actively served in the institution that governed them,k and so they directly controlled all parts of the political process.

Entertainment Section: Thalia, the Muse of Comedy and Pastoral Poetry

Ancient Greek Everyday Life

Men if they were not training in military, or discussing politics went to the Theatre for entertainment. To watch dramas that they could relate to, including tragedies and comedies. These often involved current politics and gods in some form. It is thought that women were not allowed to watch theatre or perform at the theatre, although male actors did play women roles.

Lives of Women in Ancient Greece were closely tied to domestic work, spinning, weaving and other domestic duties. They were not involved in public life or in politics. The live were normally quite confined to the house although one public duty was acting as a priestess at a temple.

Thalia was the Greek Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry. She was the Muse who discovered comedy, geometry, architectural science and agriculture.

Thalia had eyes that flowed love. She was often depicted young and smiling, wearing an ivy wreath and holding a theater mask in her right hand and a rod in her left hand. The main attribute of Thalia was a shepherd's crook.

Sports: Religious Games

Greek athletes were closely associated with religion and trained in order to please a god or goddess in a competition. Competitive events were generally staged in the stadium, a facility that provided both space for the competitions and an area for spectators. The standard athletic events for men were made up of track and field competitions plus boxing and wrestling. Some festivals included specialized races in which the contestants either wore armor or carried torches. Boxing and wrestling events were also traditional.

Advertisment

This is a famous vase from the Vatican museum depicting Achilles and Ajax playing 'Petteia' checkers. The Ancient Greek version of checkers was similar to what the current game of backgammon is where the Game backgammon is derived from. The Ancient Greek version of Checkers involved a board, stones and dice.
If you want to buy this, it is 2 drachma.