By : Sirmalachi Simpkins,Emily Chang & Khai Mathlage
The Powhatan creation story
1580: The Powhatan Confederacy was founded around 1580. The land of the Powhatan Confederacy reached 16, 000 miles and the people of it's 30 Indian tribes numbered over 15, 000.
1607: The first English Colony was founded by John Smith at Jamestown, Virginia. The land in Virginia chosen for colonisation was in the Powhatan territories.
1607: December- Capt. John Smith was captured by a Powhatan hunting party and taken before Chief Powhatan. The daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas (Indian name Matoaka) saves the life of John Smith.
1608: January- Capt. John smith is released.
1608: Powhatan, intrigued by the new tools and weapons, helps the Jamestown Colony survive with food which they traded for blue beads.
1608: The tradition of crowning a Native American Indian chief as a king.
1608: The friendly association between the Powhatan and the Colonists, initiated by John Smith, resulted in a formal coronation of Chief Powhatan on September 10, 1608 starting the tradition of crowning Native American Indian Chiefs as a king.
1609: The newly formed friendship soon deteriorated and tensions between the Indians and Colonists rose when livestock, owned by the Colonists, were allowed to wander into the Powhatan cornfields.
1609: The Powhatan reduced trade attempting to starve the Colonists out and attacks are made on the fort and the Powhatan wars (1609- 1646) erupt led first by Wahunsonacock) and then Opechancanough.
1609: The first Powhatan war (1609- 1614).
1609: The period covering 1609- 1610 became known in the Virginia Colony as the 'Starving Time'.
1613: Samuel Argall captured Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan, and she was held for ransom. Pocahontas was taken to Jamestown where she converted to Christianity and took the name Rebecca.
1614: Violent confrontation between hundreds of English and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River, Virginia.
1614: New settler arrived in Virginia including John Rolfe who marries Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan, on April 5, 1614.
1616: Pocahontas, John Rolfe and their son Thomas Rolfe travel to England.
1617: Pocahontas dies in England and was buried on March 21, 1617, St. George's Church, Gravesend, Kent.
1618: The death of Chief Powhatan. His brother Opechancanough assumes full power.