Delegates Bio Project

By Matthew Rice

Basic Infornmation

Delegate Name & Info

  • William Samuel Johnson
  • Born on October 27, 1727
  • He went to Yale(1774) & M. A. Harvard(1747)

Delegate State

Connecticut

Delegate Profession(s)

  • Lawyer, Inventor, Public Security Interests, Lending and Investments

Delegate age at Convention

  • He was 59

Did he sign the Constitution ?

  • Yes he did

Professional Infornmation

Professional Achievements

  • Served as Senator from Connecticut (1789 - 1791) and assisted in the passage of the Judiciary Act.

What did he do to gain American Independence

  • He attended the Stamp Act Congress in 1765 & moderately opposed the Townshend Duties of 1767, and believed that most British policies were unwise
  • Johnson decided to work for peace between Britain and the colonies and to oppose the extremist Whig faction

Was delegate profession(s) useful for the Constitution

  • He began his public career as a Connecticut militia officer
  • In 1761 and 1765 he served in the lower house of the colonial assembly.

Constitutional Contribution

What ideas did the delegate come up/agree with

  • Espoused the Connecticut Compromise; and chaired the Committee of Style, which shaped the final document. He also worked for ratification in Connecticut.
  • He contributed to passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789.

Why was the delegate chosen as a representative ?

  • He is said to be one of the first classics in America, and certainly possess a very strong and enlighten understanding."

State Infornmation

Why would your delegate's state want independence ?

What was your delegate's state main export(s) ?

  • Corn, Wheat, Soybeans, Oil


How would the Constitution benefit your delegate and/or state ?

  • Connecticut was stoutly antislavery. In the early years of independence, the general assembly enacted legislation providing that every black born after 1 March 1784 would be free at age 25.
  • Connecticut had a number of antislavery and abolition societies whose members routed escaped slaves to Canada via the Underground Railroad.

How could your delegate make the Constitution benefit their state ?