Causes of the American Revolution

Emma Hinojosa 1763-1776

The Navigation Acts

In 1650, Britaian used the Navigation Acts to make the idea of mercantilism a reality. They required the colonists to only use English or colonial ships, and trade that was supposed to go outside the empire had to stop by England first. The colonists didn't like these laws, but they had to obey them, as they kept getting stricter and stricter. Britain also started to watch out for people smuggling goods.
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The Proclamtion of 1763

After the French and Indian War, British soldiers stayed in the Ohio River Valley, to keep order. But, the Native Americans didn't like that, so the chief, Pontiac, led a rebellion that was later called Pontiac's Rebellion. The British won the Pontiac war, but they lost a lot of men, and much blood was spilled. So, to avoid another costly war, King George put into effect the Proclamation of 1763, which continued to let the Natives live west of the Appalachian Mountains, but prevented the colonists from settling in the land that they fought for. Naturally, they hated this idea, and many of them ignored the Proclamation line, and settled west of the mountains anyways. The Proclamation was difficult for the British to enforce, which is the reason many of them ignored the rule.
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The Stamp Act

After the French and Indian war, Parliament passed The Stamp Act, in 1765, which put taxes on anything printed on paper. The Stamp Act was an effort to relieve Parliament of the debt from the French and Indian war. Samuel Adams began the Committees of Correspondence, which conversed with other colonies to try to figure out how to get rid of the new taxes. In Britain, another group, the Sons Of Liberty also were protesting the taxes, but using violence instead of boycotting like the colonies were doing. Later, the colonies convinced King George that only the colonies should be in charge of their own taxes and laws, and the Stamp Act was repealed.
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Quartering Act

After the Stamp Act protesting, Britain sent troops over to the colonies to keep an eye on the colonists. So, in 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act, which forced colonists to quarter (house) soldiers, whenever the soldier needed a place to stay. A soldier could stay as long as he wanted, and the colonist housing him also had to feed him. King George wanted to save money, which is why this was passed. The colonists didn't like this for two big reasons, one, all soldiers had blank search warrants, so for any reason at any time they could search someone's house. The second reason, was that housing and feeding the soldiers was very expensive. In addition to all of that, soldiers began taking jobs in the colonies, which left many of them WITHOUT a job, and the result of all of this was that colonists were very angry with Britain, increasing tension between soldiers and colonists.
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Townshed Acts

In 1767, Parliament started taxing colonists again, because they needed more money for the rising military costs due to the Quartering Act. They taxed people on household items like imported tea, glass, paper, nandofher things. The colonists were tired of all of these taxes, so a group of women called the Daughters Of Liberty started making household items for people so they wouldn't have to buy them from the British and be taxed. By 1770, the boycotting and protesting payed off, and they repealed most of the taxes, except the tax on tea, because they wanted to show that they still had lots of power. Anger continued to grow in the colonists, so the Sons Of Liberty attacked more British officials, which then caused more troops to be sent over to America.
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Boston Massacre

As the colonists resisted the continuous taxing the British were forcing on them. Because of the resistance, the sent more troops over to Boston. Tension continues to grow between the colonists and the soldiers, the colonists don't like having the troops on their land. Finally, on March 5, 1770, a fight broke out between a colonist and a soldier, and more colonists rushed in, as well as British soldiers, and a riot exploded between the two groups. Five colonists were killed, as a result of the fighting. Later, this event would be called the Boston Massacre. Samuel Adams, and other colonists used the Massacre as anti-British propaganda, influencing the public opinion. He even spread the propaganda to other colonies, turning more and more people against the British.
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Tea Act & Boston Tea Party

In 1773, Parliament passed another act, called the Tea Act, which meant that only the British East India Company could sell tea to the colonies. Which gave them a monopoly over tea. And, while the overall price of tea was lower, colonists still had to pay import taxes, so the Tea Act wasn't much of an improvement for them. Colonists, in protest, refused to unload tea from British ships, as well as refusing to sell it in the colonies. The Daughters of Liberty also helped with the boycotting by making their own tea. And on December 16, 1773, some of the sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans illegally boarded a British ship, and dumped 342 crates of the British tea overboard into the ocean. Their protest was called the Boston Tea Party.
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Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)

After the Boston Tea Party, the British were furious. The Prime Minister of Britain, Lord North, Convinced Parliament to pass another set of laws to make an effort to keep the colonists in line. These acts were called the Coercive Acts, and they were passed in the spring of 1774, but the colonies called them the Intolerable Acts, because they were extremely harsh. The Intolerable Acts were meant to force colonists to pay for tea, as well as stop more attacks. The Coercive Acts stopped trade between Boston and Britain, didn't allow any town meetings, and put Britain completely in control of the colony. The Quartering Act was also reinforced. And, since the Boston port was closed, it stopped trading with other colonies, which impacted every colony economically. But, Boston gained support from it's neighbors, and supplies were brought in from the other colonies, stirring a revolutionary spirit through everybody.


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Overall Sumary of the American Revolution

Q: What is the American Revolution? A: The American revolution is the result of the Colonies being fed up with Britain, and all of it's taxes and Acts.

Q: What were some of the social causes of the American Revolution? A: I think a social cause is that they were united against a common enemy, the British. They all fought against the British together, which brought them together.

Q: What were some of the British economic policies that led to the American Revolution? A: Some of the economic policies that led to the Revolution were taxes on tea, and paper, and other household items.

Q: Do you think colonists were justified in declaring independence from England? A: Absolutely. They recognized how unfair and unjust the taxes and restrictions were and they stood up for themselves. I think that what they did was completely justified.

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