Carbohydrates are one of the most interesting macromolecules because carbs like glucose helps people with muscle function when they are exercising. When you are doing hardcore workouts and have little oxygen available your body will rely on glucose.
What are Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and that provides energy and structure to organisms' cells.
Examples of Carbs
- Brown Rice
The Functions of Carbohydrates
The function of a carbohydrate is to serve as a source of energy-- mainly glucose-- for the body. Glucose is then converted into an energy molecule called ATP. Energy is extremely important for the bodily processes, such as the processes catalyzed by enzymes.
Similarities and Differences of Carbs to Other Macromolecules
Like other macromolecules, carbohydrates are essential to the function of organisms' bodies. They all contain the important element, carbon, which can make a variety of molecules due to its ability for making a maximum of four bonds and double/triple bonds. In addition, they depend on each other in order to function fully.
There are also some differences between the macromolecules. For example, the element nitrogen is present in nucleic acids, proteins, and some lipids, but not carbohydrates.