The Roaring 20s

1920s

Nativism(1920)

When the government cut back spending to balance the budget in 1920, a severe recession resulted. However, the war economy had invested heavily in the manufacturing sector, and the next decade did see an explosion of productivity. The 1920's saw a return to a laissez-faire market economy; the top tax rate was lowered to 25% and the stock market began its spectacular rise.

  • The Supreme Court overturned a number of measures designed to regulate the activities of big business. The Court declared boycotts by labor unconstitutional and authorized the use of antitrust laws against unions.

  • The Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922 and the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930 were two of six major tariffs passed that hiked importation rates to all-time highs. These tariffs protected American companies from international competition.

  • Andrew Mellon, treasury secretary from 1921 to 1932, persuaded Congress to lower income tax rates for the wealthy.

Politics(1920)

The expansion of government activities during World War I was reversed during the 1920s. Government efforts to break-up trusts and regulate business practices gave way to a new emphasis on partnerships between government and business.

Daugherty was right. In 1920, a divided Republican convention selected Harding, a U.S. Senator from Ohio, as its presidential nominee.

Harding's presidency is best known for a series of scandals that marred his time in office. But he also had some genuine accomplishments. He pardoned the imprisoned Socialist party leader, Eugene Debs, and persuaded the steel industry to end the 12-hour day and replace it with an 8-hour day. Harding also called an international disarmament conference in Washington that slowed down the arms race. At the end of the conference, a treaty was signed. The treaty provided that, for every five battleships that the United States and Britain were each allowed to build, the Japanese could build three ships, and the Italians and the French could each build one-and-three-quarters ships.

Court Cases(1920)

Court Cases- The Palmer Raids- were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. MitchellPalmer.


Sacco & Vanzetti-Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born US anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company, committed April 15, 1920, in South Braintree, Massachusetts, United States, and were executed by the electric chair seven years after.


a seminalcase in Constitutional Law, representing the first time that the U.S. Supreme Courtheard a First Amendment challenge to a federal law on free speech grounds.

Scopes Monkey Trial (1920)

The Scopes Trial brought in hundreds of reporters from all over the country, and it was the first trial to be broadcast on radio. Both the prosecuting attorney and Scopes’ defense attorney were charismatic men and drew significant attention to the case, which for the defense was more about defeating the Butler Act then about defending Scopes. Scopes was found guilty and charged a fine of $100, but the verdict was thrown out on a technicality on an appeal.The Scopes Trial brought in hundreds of reporters from all over the country, and it was the first trial to be broadcast on radio. Both the prosecuting attorney and Scopes’ defense attorney were charismatic men and drew significant attention to the case, which for the defense was more about defeating the Butler Act then about defending Scopes. Scopes was found guilty and charged a fine of $100, but the verdict was thrown out on a technicality on an appeal.

Culture(1920)

The Jazz Age in Chicago and New York, F.Scott Fitzgerald called it a time when "the parties were bigger, the pace was faster, the building were higher, the morals looser."

Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, the birthplace of jazz. He is considered the most important improviser in jazz, and he taught the world to swing.

The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s, ending with the Great Depression, in which jazz music and dance styles became popular, mainly in the United States, but also in Britain, France and elsewhere.

Letter to the editor

Everyone is talking about the new gangster on the streets named AL Capone. Al Capone was an American Gangster who led a Prohibition-Era crime syndicate. He is a representation of the 20's because Alcohol was banned that time and he was providing illegal alcohol during the prohibition. His lasting impact on the future was that he was one of the reasons why alcohol banned was repealed also he was the first American citizen, where taxes were used to as an entrapment to incarcerate him.

Political Cartoon & Analysis

What issue is this political cartoon about?

That the booze representing people are rebelling against the prohibition act but the editor is saying that booze is the problem.


What do you think is the cartoonist’s opinion on this issue?

That achool or other toxic drinks are bad and causes all the bad things.



What other opinion can you imagine another person having on this issue?

That the booze representing people are going against the Act for the wrong reasons since it why it calls our problem.


Did you find this cartoon persuasive? Why or why not?

I didnt find the cartoon persuasive because its not going to stop people from drinking


What other techniques could the cartoonist have used to make this cartoon more

persuasive?

Show why they cause the problems like in the picture. Draw the issues

Big image