Fencing the Frontier

By: Sam. Alyssa. Ty'Qwan, Braylon, and Davon

The Project Requirements

Adapting & Modifing to the Enviroment (PR #1)

Through out the years after the civil war,Texans made modifications. To help the community improve. Some examples are: windmills, barbered wire, "Blue Kelly". The cattle ranchers used the barbed wire to contain the cattle. Before, the cattle ranchers used the roaming free method. Sheep ranchers used the sheep's wool to sell instead of killing the sheep for their meat. For a while, Texas became the leading wool-producing state in the nation. The farmers used the windmills to water the crops and the cattle. Since the crops and animals were dying from the hot and humid, dry land. The farmers, ranchers, and others used the railroad to transport things all over the states.

The Positive & the Negative Consequences (PR #2)


The windmills helped the Texans water the animals and crops.

The barbed wire kept the cattle contained instead of letting them roam free.

The "Blue Kelly" helped cotton farmers.


The windmills caused high winds.

The barbed wire poked the cattle with the sharp tip.

The blue Kelly was a steam plow so the steam caused pollution.

The Political Impacts (PR #3)

The Texas government provided land for the XIT Ranch, and that ranch was exchanged for a new capitol. The land was built and turned to a group of Chicago and British. Sheep and Cattle were brought to Texas by Spanish explorers. In 1850, a sheep ranch was established by George W. Kendall for cotton.

The Economic Impacts (PR #3)

The demand for meat increased along with the price. Investor raised cattle on the land which was later, sold to homesteaders and to ranches, into pieces. The invention barbed wire(s) was useful because it help keep cattle together. The invention windmills was used for farmers to give their plants water. In 1850, George W. Kendall established a sheep ranch, which used wool to make clothes. There was a demand on cotton and wool.

The Social Impacts (PR #3)

Women played important roles when men went to War. They suffered the hardships of establishing their homes in the frontier life. Some operated ranches, and worked alongside their husbands. Some women raised cattle on their own. People of many cultures contributed to ranching industry in Texas. Anglo Americans, Tejanos, African Americans, Europeans, and people of many other heritages worked together on cattle trail and ranches. There are some Women that were known for there toughness, bravery, and there determination. Texas had the largest and the most famous ranch (XIT Ranch), which lead to the increase of wool production.