Canada and Germany in 2040

Comparison of Both Countries' Demography in 2014 and 2040

Demography Magic!

Canada is an example of a developed country. It is known as one of the best and safest place to live in, due to its great working conditions, top quality education and high standard health care systems. Developed countries like Canada and Germany or even developing countries' are established mainly by their population characteristics. Demography is the study of a country's population, and how it is partly resulting the country in the state where it is, whether; decreasing, increasing, aging, and much more. Studying Canada and Germany's demography (which we will do) will not only help us compare both the countries' present problems regarding population but also eventually help us discover many more that await them in the future.
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Canadian Immigration Today and in 2040

Nowadays there is a certain criteria and process that immigrants must follow in order to immigrate to Canada. To my understanding those processes will be similar in 2040 because they're designed to help identify which people are most likely to become successful residents of Canada. Canada has accepted about 230,000 immigrants in 2014, majority of those immigrants came from the Philippines, China, and India. Greater number of immigrants will most likely be accepted into Canada in 2040 (Approximately 390,000) because more families would want to live in a country with greater advanced technology, health care, and education systems, that will be further developed in the future. The Canadian government will also need greater number of young immigrants, mainly Skilled workers to help serve the economy; pay taxes for the baby boomers retirement costs, also to help increase birth rate, and employment in Canada.

Canada's Demography Compared with Germany

Number of Increase or Decrease in 2014 and Percentage

Canada has increased by 276,297 people or 0.79% in 2014. On the other hand Germany has decreased by 167,286 people in 2014 that is about 0.21%! Germany decreasing means it has a lower birth rate and/or number of (young) people immigrating, while compared with Canada. As in for Canada increasing that is probable the result of greater number of (young) people immigrating to the country.

Natural Increase

In order to get the natural Increase you must subtract the number of deaths from the births. The natural increase shows how many people were added to the population, while taking in consideration the number of deaths. Natural increase does not include net migration of the country! Canada's population was increased by 79, 935 people, while Germany's population was decreased by 210, 716 people in 2014. There are more deaths in Germany when compared with Canada, maybe due to differences in education and/or health services provided in both countries'. Germany's population decreasing mean that there are more deaths then births.

Canada's Natural Increase= Births - Deaths

= 357, 274 - 277, 339

=79, 935 People

Germany's Natural Increase = Births - Deaths

=667, 534 - 878, 250

= -210, 716

Net Migration

We can subtract the total amount of emigrants from immigrants into a very useful calculation called the Net migration. The net migration shows how many people immigrated to the country, while taking in consideration how many people emigrated. In 2014 approximately 230,000 people immigrated to Canada, and about 35,000 emigrated. The Net Immigration of Canada in 2014 was about 196,362 people. On the other hand Germany's net immigration in 2014 was only 43, 430 people. There is a greater number of people immigrating to Canada than Germany, probably due to the differences in their push and pull factors.

Canada and Germany's Growth Rate in Recent Years

Canada's growth rate is approximately 1.15%, and has grown by about 0.26% since 2000. Germany is the complete opposite. Germany's growth rate is -0.30%, and has decreased by 0.44% since 2000. Considering the growth rate of Germany, its population is decreasing maybe due to the fact that there are more deaths then births. Canada's population growth rate will also begin to decrease if the birth, and immigration rates begin to decrease.

Canada and Germany's Push Factors in 2014 (now)

People immigrate to a country based on its pull and push factors. Push factors are reasons that may force an individual to emigrate from the land of their birth, to another country.

Canada's Push Factors in 2014 (now)

  • Cold temperatures in some regions: Some families may not want to live in a region where there are low temperatures
  • High taxes: Many people might not be able and/or want to pay the high taxes
  • Languages Spoken (English and French): Some may have difficulty speaking and/or learning them

Germany's Push Factors in 2014 (now)

  • High crime rates: Families will not feel secure
  • Expansive Health Care: Many may not be able to afford the medical treatments they need
  • Poor Safety and security: People might not feel comfortable and guarded

Canada and Germany's Pull Factors in 2014

The opposite of push factors are called pull factors. Pull factors draw people into a country, and are reasons why people immigrant to that country specifically.

Canada's Pull Factors in 2014 (now)

  • A set of rights that are guaranteed by the Constitution on Charter of Rights
  • A free universal health care system
  • A high standard of affordable education (free from kindergarten- Grade 12)
  • Clean natural resources (food, and water)
Germany's Pull factors in 2014 (now)
  • Greater public transportation systems
  • Renowned food (Breads, Bienenstick Cake)
  • Higher employment rights (Greater employer protection, and pay)

Median Age

The Median Age is the age that divides a population into two equal groups. Half of the population is younger than that age while the other half is older.

Canada and Germany's Median Age Now

Canada's population Median age is currently (2014) 40.3. On the other hand Germany's population Median age is 45.9! Considering that Germany's Median age is slightly older then Canada's that probably means Germany's population is much older, contains greater number of seniors (65+) and has a lower birth rate, when compared with Canada's population.

Canada and Germany's Median Age in 2040

Taking under consideration that Canada and Germany's birth and fertility rates are both much lower than many other countries around the world, both countries' median age will most likely increase, but not tremendously. Canada's median age in 2040 will probably increase to 43.5 while Germany's will increase to 48.1. Both median ages may result from a woman not having more kids causing birth rate to remain low, or also from lower number of young (18-30) immigrants immigration, and many baby boomers aging resulting in an older population.

Canada Compared with Germany's Fertility Rate

The Fertility Rate is the average number of children that a woman gives birth to throughout her lifetime. One of the biggest reason why Canada and Germany's population are both aging because of their low fertility rates. Canada's fertility rate is 1.66 while Germany is only 1.40!

Canada and Germany's Fertility Rate in 2040

Predicting the future can be hard, but seeing that women are continuing to get greater job opportunities and status then the past, can and is resulting in one having less kids. Keeping that in mind Canada and Germany's fertility rate will probably decrease in 2040 but not drastically. Canada's fertility rate will decrease to 1.30, while Germany's will decrease to approximately 1.15.

Percent of Canada and Germany's Population Over 60 in 2014 and 2040

Approximately 28% of Germany's and 22% of Canada's population is over 60. The amount of the population being over 60 will increase for both countries in 2040 by many factors. About 24.3% of Canada's population and 31% of Germany's population is predicted to be over 60 in 2040 . Many baby boomers beginning to retire and low birth rate are just some reasons why this change will occur.
Map Fight!

Wanna know which country is bigger in size? Click "Map Fight" to compare Canada's country size with and Germany's!

Will Germany's Demographic Challenges Today Impact The Country's Future? (video)

People in Germany are living longer, and having fewer children, as a result Germany's population is aging. Will this demographic shift have a big impact on the country's economy, political power, and population structure in the future?
Germany's Demographic Challenge

Canada and Germany's Demographic Similarities (SoundCloud)

We have taken a look at how Canada and Germany's population characteristics are different, but yet similar in some cases! Will the similarities in their population structure today impact and create the same problems for each country in their upcoming future?

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Demographic Similarities by user483987936

Canadian Demography in 2014

Canada's birth rate is currently low due to the fact that a woman in Canada is having approximately 1.66 kids throughout her lifetime. In addition to that Canada's death rate is also low as a result of the advanced health care systems. Canada having low birth and death rate has put the country into stage 4 in the Demographic transition model. Canada being in stage 4 has cause the population to increase at a slower rate resulting not only the population aging but also having a higher median age and the number of young immigrants, immigrating to the country.

Canada's Demography in 2040

Women are continuing to get higher status, rights, job and education opportunities. Considering that Canada's birth rate will decrease, resulting the median age to increase. On the other hand the death rate will also decrease but not tremendous by the help of the advantaged technology in the future. Canada will most likely go into stage 5 in the Demographic transition model, if the number of young immigrants, immigrating does not become greater, to help increase Canada's birth rate. As in for Canada's dependency load that will continue to be the older adults (65 and older). In addition to that the amount of the population over 65 will increase because many baby boomers will aging causing the population to become older.

How Will Canada's Demography Today Impact It's Future? (video)

Big changes are coming to Canadian landscape, and workforce as the baby boomers grow older. Is an aging population a burden or a blessing?
Canada's demographic and geographic shift

Bibliography

•http://countrymeters.info/en/Germany

•http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/