Federal Court System

By: Presley Sweet

Federal Court Structure:

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Important Federal Positions...

US Marshall - an agency within the Transportation Security Administration


US Attorney - represent the United States federal government in United States district court and United States court of appeals


Magistrate Judge - a judicial officer of the district court

Important Terms:

Circuit - itinerary of events or venues used for a particular activity, typically involving public performance


Life Terms - any sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime under which the convicted person is to remain in jail for the rest of his or her life or until paroled


Precedent - authority is a legal case establishing a principle or rule that a court or other judicial body may utilize when deciding subsequent cases


Opinion - inference or conclusion drawn by a witness from facts some of which are known to him and others assumed

Remand - an action taken by an appellate court in which it sends back a case to the trial court or lower appellate court for further action.

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Important Courts

District Courts- the trial courts of the federal court system


Court of Appeals- jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.