The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism. Engaged in a war that many viewed as having no way to win, U.S. leaders lost the American public's support for the war. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts.
Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts, 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction.
vietnams climate reaches between 9 and 23 degrees all year round usally under the 16 deegrees mark in the winter and it gets hotter in the summer
the population in vietnam was around 6.562 million in 2010 and is around 91,949,482 people
Vietnam is a country which has a rich and wide variety of religions some of there religons are buddest which as about ten million followers. they believe that budda saved them and they will have another life after they die
The people in Vietnam speak Vietnamese..........ngôn ngư this means language in Vietnamese
Fighting broke out (Nov., 1946) between Vietnamese and French troops in Haiphong, and French ships shelled the city,6,000 civilians were killed. The next month the Viet Minh attacked the French at Hanoi, ushering in the prolonged and bloody guerrilla conflict that became known as the French Indochina War (1946–54). In an attempt to win popular support, the French in 1949 reinstalled Bao Dai as the ruler of Vietnam, of which Cochin China was then recognized to be a part.
A Reunified Nation
In June, 1976, the country was officially reunited. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Vietnam expanded its control of Southeast Asia by invading Cambodia (where it toppled the regime of Pol Pot and installed a Vietnamese-backed government) and also by establishing a military presence in Laos. These actions alienated Vietnam from China, its long-time ally, and generally worsened its international relations. In 1979, Vietnam and China fought a brief, but intense border war. Vietnam succeeded in establishing close ties with the Soviet Union during this period, a necessity in consideration of the severe economic difficulties caused by the war. Despite substantial aid from the Soviet Union, Vietnam continued to experience economic problems, exacerbated by a U.S. trade embargo. Economic hardship prompted the flight of great numbers of refugee boat people.
Solid export growth thanks to strong performance of foreign-invested sector:
Total export value rose by 16% in the first half of 2013 compared to the same period last year.
Foreign invested sector accounts for 66% of Vietnam total exports and grew by 25%
- Diversified export composition: more hi-tech items
Exports of cell phones and parts become the largest export item ($9.9 billion) in the first 6 months of 2013, surpassing Vietnam traditional exports such as crude oil, garment or footwear
Cell phones, electronics and computer together now account for nearly a fifth of Vietnam total exports
- Surplus in trade balance in 2012 – the first ever since 1992.
- Largest current account surplus in country’s history: changed from a current account deficit of 11% of GDP in 2009 to a surplus of 5.9% in 2012; it is projected to remain in surplus in 2013, though will be a lower amount than previous year.
Vietnams currency is a: Vietnamese dong
two coins and two notes
these are just some of the notes that Vietnamese people use in there every day lives
this is a basic coin worth 1 dong in Vietnam
in Australia it is worth 0.000050 against our Australian Dollar
There are five stages in Vietnam’s education system:
- Higher education
In Vietnam, children enjoy 12 years of basic education on a half-day basis before they move on to college or university or begin to work.
Education plays a central role in Vietnam. Not only is the devotion to study one of society’s core values, but education is, of course, also perceived as a chance of advancement. There are huge educational needs for Vietnam’s young ones, and the public school system cannot always satisfy them. In general, families invest a lot of time and money to send their children to a good school and ensure they will have a bright future.
Safety and Security
In general, Vietnam is a safe country to travel to. Violent crimes are rather rare, and terrorist threats were also not common at the time of writing. However, foreigners are often the victim of pick pocketing and other petty crimes. In bigger cities where tourists like to gather, motorcyclists snatch purses, bags and cameras from pedestrians and cyclo passengers
Quality of Education
Just like the healthcare sector, the education sector could strongly benefit from reforms. This is specifically the case in higher education institutions which are not always up to international standards and are thus often not able to offer a well-rounded education
Beginning in the late 1980s, the quality of health care began to decline as a result of budgetary constraints, a shift of responsibility to the provinces, and the introduction of charges. Inadequate funding has led to delays in planned upgrades to water suplyand sewage systems. As a result, almost half the population has no access to clean water, a deficiency that promotes such infectious diseases as malaria, dengue fever and typhoid. Inadequate funding also has contributed to a shortage of nurses and midwives, and hospital beds. In 2000 Vietnam had only 250,000 hospital beds, or 14.8 beds per 10,000 people, a very low ratio among Asian nations, according to the world bank Government expenditure on health has declined and the health system is largely financed through user-fees which has direct implications for the rural poor, deterring them from accessing health care
The improvement of living conditions has consistently been one of Hanoi's most important but most elusive goals. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, food, housing, medicines, and consumer goods were chronically scarce as agriculture and industry slowly recovered from the effects of prolonged wartime disruptions, corrupt and inept management, and the cost of the military occupation of Cambodia. Consequently, the Hanoi government was under tremendous pressure to address social problems such as urban unemployment, vocational training, homelessness, the care of orphans, war veterans, and the disabled, the control of epidemics, and the rehabilitation of drug addicts and prostitutes. These problems were complicated by rapid population growth, which tested the limits of the food supply and increased the need to import grains.
vietnams natural recources are:phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber and hydropower
Environment - current issues:
Logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City