The Six traits of Writing

Dominic Jiacinto


  • Good writing has a clear message, focus, or purpose. The writing holds oodles of specific ideas and details.
  • Pick a topic that you like, and fits your assignment.
  • Put facts, statistics and thoughts in the writing.


  • Excellent writing has a clear beginning, middle, and end
  • The overall writing is easy to follow
  • Topic sentence-green
  • Main idea-yellow
  • detail-red
  • Conclusion-green


  • Great writing shows the author's voice-his or her unique way of saying things
  • Write in an engaging way that keeps the reader wanting more
  • Show, don't tell

Six Traits of Writing - Voice

Word Coice

  • Use specific nouns, creative verbs, and well chosen modifiers
  • Use precise nouns and verbs
  • Use exciting adjectives/adverbs

Sentence Fluency

  • Use lots of different sentence styles that flow smoothly from one idea to the next
  • Combine short, choppy sentences into long, smooth ones
  • use a variety of sentence lengths
  • use complex and compound sentences


  • Excellent writing has been carefully edited to make sure it's easy to understand
  • The writing follows the rules for grammar, spelling, and punctuation
  • Use evaluation sheet to revise
  • Edit with C.O.P.S. (not police)

Writing Process


  • Choose a topic that you like, and start thinking up ideas
  • Only write stuff down if it's on a T table or some other graphic organizer


  • This is where the author actually writes the book, magazine, paragraph, etc.
  • Don't edit and revise yet, because those are other steps


  • This is just when an author looks over he/she's work and sees if anything's wrong
  • Evaluating is NOT part of revising or editing (it should be though)


  • Revising is when the person writing takes away any unneeded parts or adds on to it to perfect their writing
  • This doesn't include grammar mistakes like spelling or capitals


  • Editing is when the writer corrects any bad grammar like spelling or capitals


  • This is when the writer gets their book released, or when a student turns in an assignment
  • Publishing is just another way of saying: getting done

Write Tools

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T. table

  • A T. table is a very effective way to organize thoughts for a paragraph
  • It organizes them into four groups: the topic, main ideas, details or tell me mores, and the conclusion

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Core Four Topic Sentences

  • The core Four topic sentences are: simple statements, number statements, situation/stance, and questions
  • Simple statements explain the topic in a very basic way, for example: Football is very fun.
  • A number statement is just a simple one with a number word somewhere in it
  • Situation/stance is a simple statement conjoined with another sentence that tells about it
  • A question is a simple statement, except it's a question not a statement


  • Transitions are words that make the writing sound smoother by being paced where they keep the writing from just jumping from one main idea to another

Main ideas (yellow)

  • Main ideas are like little, more specific topics.
  • The topic is to broad to just add details, so main ideas explain the topic more to narrow it down

Details/Tell Me More (red)

  • These are the really fine, specific details
  • The tell-me-mores need to come right after the main ideas

Conclusion Sentences (green)

  • This is the end of the paragraph.
  • Don't just write the end but think of something creative and unique