India and Pakistan's Conflict
They have been fighting ever since 1947. When will it end?
Timeline of Conflict
1972: Pakistani Prime Minister Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign an agreement that says that both countries will solve disputes "by peaceful means."
1974: India gets its first nuclear device. In 1998 India does testing with the devices and Pakistan answers with their own tests.
1999: India and Pakistan wage short conflict in the mountains above Kargil on the line of control, the ceasefire line dividing Jammu and Kashmir.
2007: February 18, the train service between India and Pakistan was bombed. 68 people died; dozens were injured.
2010: Ajmal Kasab is found guilty of murder, planning and of waging war against India in the Mumbai attacks. He was sentenced to death.
Three Main Reasons for Conflict
- India and Pakistan keep fighting over the Kashmir. They've fought two wars over it. One in 1947-48, and 1965. They both ended by the U.N. demanding ceasefire. They are fighting over it because it is land of a mountain. The Indus River flows through the mountain and whoever has control of Kashmir has control over the river flow. Farmers in India and Pakistan would be dry deserts without it.
- December 13, 2001 India was attacked by Islam revolutionist on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. 14 people died, and about 22 people were injured. India blamed groups Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Muhammad. A gun battle between the police and attackers began.
Video from Discovery News