The Three Branches of Government

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branch

Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch is the law making branch. It is made is made up of the Senate, House of Representatives, and other agencies. The Congress have many responsibilities but the most important is making laws. Some other responsibilities Congress has is to declare war, approve treaties that the executive branch made, approve presidential appointment, etc.

Make up of the House of Representatives and the Senate

The salary of someone in the House of Representatives is 174,000 dollars and their length of term is two years. The qualification to be in the House of Representatives is you must be at least 25 years old, must have been a U.S. citizen for 7 years, and you must be resident in the state you are representating. The salary of someone in the Senate is 174,000 and the length of term is six years. The qualification to become a Senator is you must be older then 35 years old, you must be a U.S. citizen for nine years, and you have to be a resident of the state you are representing.

Executive Branch

The Executive Branch includes of the President , Vice President, The Executive Office, and the Cabinet.

The President

The responsibilities of the president are to make treaties, receive foreign heads of state, commanding the U.S. armed forces, and etc... The qualifications to be President are you must be at least 35 years of age, a natural born citizen, and have been a 14 year U.S. resident. The salary of the President and the length of term is 400,000 dollars a year and four years per term with two terms. Here is a list of the President's succession line:

  • The Vice President Joseph Biden
  • Speaker of the House John Boehner
  • President pro tempore of the Senate1 Patrick Leahy
  • Secretary of State John Kerry
  • Secretary of the Treasury Jacob Lew
  • Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel
  • Attorney General Eric Holder
  • Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewel
  • Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack
  • Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker
  • Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan
  • Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx
  • Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz
  • Secretary of Education Arne Duncan
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki
  • Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson

Here is a list of the President's Cabinet:

  • Vice President of the United States Joseph R. Biden
  • Department of State Secretary John Kerry
  • Department of the Treasure Secretary Jack Lew
  • Department of Defense Chuck Hagal
  • Department of Justice Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr
  • Department of the Interior Secretary Sally Jewell
  • Department of Agriculture Secretary Thomas J. Vilsack
  • Department of Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker
  • Department of Labor Secretary Thomas E. Perez
  • Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun L.S. Donovan
  • Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx
  • Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz
  • Department of Education Secretary Arne Duncan
  • Department of Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric K. Shinseki
  • Department of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson
  • White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough
  • Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy
  • Office of Management & Budget Director Sylvia Burwell
  • United States Trade Representative Ambassador Michael Froman
  • United States Mission to the United Nations Ambassador Samantha Power
  • Council of Economic Advisers Chairman Jason Furman
  • Small Business Administration
  • Acting Administrator Marianne O'Brien Markowitz

The Vice President

The responsibilities of the Vice President include of assisting the President, assume the duties of the President if the office becomes unoccupied, and other specified duties. The Vice President's length of term is four years per term and two terms. The Vice President's salary is 230,000 dollars a year.

Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch interprets the law in courts. Unlike the Legislative Branch and Executive Branch members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. The Supreme Court is all of the Judicial Branch. The responsibilities of the Supreme Court are to make sure other branches don't get to strong and the second responsibility is to protect the rights and liberties of U.S. Citizens. The current Supreme Court members are John Roberts, Samuel Alito, Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Elena Kagan, Anthony Kennedy, Antonin Scalia, Sonia Sotomayor, and Clarence Thomas. The length of term for a Supreme Court member is for life unless the wish to retire. The salary for a Supreme Court member is 208,100 year.

Supreme Court cases

The fist Supreme Court case I will be doing is Zimmerman vs. Martin trial. The ruling of the case was that George Zimmerman was not guilty of murder. The second case I will be doing is the Brown vs. Board of Education trial. The ruling of that was black kids and white kids could go to the same school. The way trials get to the Supreme Court is by a lower case appeal.

By: Luke Barbaryka