Federal Court

Maggie Riley

Federal Court Terms

US Marshals are the oldest members of the federal law office.

US Attorney-A lawyer who works for the president and defends cases for the federal government

Magistrate Judge- Judicial officers who assist U.S. district judges when getting cases ready for trial, the magistrate judge may decide cases when selected by both parties

Life Terms-the judges can serve for life or however long they want-only supreme justices can serve for life.

Precedent-model for other judges to follow when making a decision

Opinion-legal decision or thoughts on the case

Remand-sending a case back to a lower court

Circuit- 12 U.S. Courts cover a particular geographical area

Appellate- to review a case from a lower court

How The Federal System Works!

A huge deal with the federal court is having equal justice for all.

Each side presents their case.

Court applies law and makes a decision.

Witnesses provide evidence and juries decide the guilt or innocence.

Local, state and national level.


Rights of being accused

-Every accused person has the right to a public trial and a lawyer.

-Accused people as considered innocent unless proven guilty.

-May ask for review of their case (appeal)


3 levels-

District

Court of Appeals

Supreme


Jurisdiction

Federal court gets jurisdiction in 8 types of cases

exclusive jurisdiction- only they can listen and decide cases

concurrent jurisdiction- they may share and let others hear the case