The Holocaust

By: Payson Thomas, Parker Hemphill, Joseph Refvik

The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials where Nazi generals were punished for their actions during the Holocaust. They started on August 8, 1945 and ended on October 1, 1946. They were held in Nuremberg, Germany. 22 Nazi officials were tried by the allied forces. Some of the officers were sentenced to death, and some were sentenced to life imprisonment. Most of the officers/generals weren't tried because they had fled the country. The International Military Tribunal determined the punishments on the officers. This was when many survivor stories were told.

Eugene Black, A Holocaust Survivor

His Story

On March 19, 1944, German forces occupied Hungary. May 14, Eugene was walking home from school when he saw German troops outside his home with his sisters and father. His family was forced to ride the lorry. The lorry was bound for Auschwitz. Once they arrived, they were separated into groups. Him and his family were set apart. The Nazis inspected Black then shaved his head and tattooed the number 55546 on his wrist. He stayed at Auschwitz for a total of 10 days when he was transferred to the Harz Mountains to load trucks with rock from the underground mine. There, he caught pneumonia. He was lucky, a German doctor stepped in and saved his life. Once he was healthy again, he was transferred to Bergen Belsen, also called "a Hell hole", to die. On April 15, the British soldiers came and saved everybody in Bergen Belsen. Once he got home, he soon realized that his whole family was dead, except for his brother who served as an officer in the Czech army. He was homeless and stateless. At the age of 17, he served as an interpreter in the British army, where he met his wife Annie. They had four children where Eugene quoted, "I finally have my life back".