Diseases Spread By Insects

By Bramwell Edwin Marks Stewart

Diseases spread by mosquitoes

Diseases spread by mosquitoes can make you very sick and potenially life threatening. Here are some diseases spread by mosquitoes and info about them.

West Nile Virus:

West Nile Virus also known as WNV, is a mosquito borne zoonotic arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus in the family Flavivirade. Symptoms include fever, headache, bodyaches, nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph glands, rash on your chest, rash on your stomach and rash on your back.

Dengue Fever:

Dengue fever is also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito borne disease caused by the Dengue Virus. Symptoms include sudden fever, extreme tierdness, intense headache (espically around the eyes), muscle pain, joint pain, loss of appetite, vomitting, diarrhoea, abdominal pains, a metallic taste in the mouth, small flat red spots on the body and minor bleeding for the nose and/or gums.

Japanese Encephalitis:

Japanese Encephalitis was previosly known as JE but then it was changed to Japanese B Encephalitis. This mosquito diseaese is a disease from the family Flaviviridae. Domestic pigs and herons are reservoirs of the virus. The symptoms of Japanese Encephalitis are high temperatre (fever), headache, felling sick, vomiting, diarrhoea and musle pains.


Malaria is a Plasmodium in the form that enters humans and other vertebrates from the salavia of a female mosquito. The symptoms of Malaria are headache, fever or in a more serious case a coma and even death.

Ross River Virus:

Ross River Virus is also known as RRV. The Ross River Virus is part of the Togaviriade family. The symptoms of Ross River Virus include flu-like symptoms, chills, headaches, aches and pains in muscle joints. Ross River Virus is common in Australia.

Barmah Forest Virus:

Barmah Forest Virus is also known as BFV. BFV is part of the Togfaviriade family. Symptoms of BFV include muscle aches and pains, fever, headache, tiredness, painful joints, joint swelling, muscle tenderness, and skin rashes. Some people, especially children, may become infected without showing any symptoms. Barmah forest virus is from the Barmah Forest in Victora, Australia.

Murray Valley Encephalitis:

Murray Valley Encephaltis is part of the Flaviviriade family. The symptoms of MVEV (Murray Valley Encephalitis) include confusion, high fever, severe headache, sizure or fits, neck stiffnes & drowsiness.

Diseases spread by ticks and fleas

Diseases spread by ticks and fleas are common on animals. They can make you very sick and can be fatal. One disease, The Black Death or Bubonic Plage caused millions of deaths in the middle ages.


The Plague or Black Death was around in the middle ages and caused millions of deaths in Europe. In the middle ages people thought that the wicked caught the plague, That going to the theatre caused the plague and a way to cure it was to put a bag of lavender on the ground and jump over it. Of course the cure of the Bubonic Plague is just to take antibiotics. The symptoms of the Black Death is black spots on the face called buboes other symptoms are flu-like such as fever headache, chills and weakness.

Tick-borne Encephalitis:

Can you guess what Tick-borne Encephalitis comes from... a tick! The symptoms of Tick-borne Ecephalitis are fever, headache, tiredness, musle pain, vomiting, nausea, a stiff neck, confusion, drowsiness, siezures, photophobia (fear of bright light), inabillity to speak and inabillity to move diffrent body parts (paralysis).

Lyme Disease:

Lyme disease Nymphal and adult deer ticks are vectors of the virus. the symptoms include bull's-eye pattern skin rash around the bite, fever, chills, fatigue, body aches, headaches and joint pain.

Diseases Spread by flies


If you get Lieshmaniasis you can thank the sandfly that gave it to you. It comes from the Southern Hemisphere and Mediterranean Countries. The symptoms of Leishmaniasis include cough, diarrhoea, fever, vomititng, abnomminal discomfort, weight loss and hair thinning.

African trypanosoiasis:

The hosts of African trypanosoiasis are wild mammals, cattle and humans. The symptoms of African trypanosoiasis are fever, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes and sleep disturbances.