The New Deal 1929-1939

By: Alyshia Archibald

Opponents of the New Deal

  • Liberal Critics: The Liberal critics had a problem with the president's actions. They criticized him for not doing enough for the unemployed and working poor which were problems of the ethnic minorities, women, and the elderly.
  • Conservative Critics: These critics attacked the New Deal for giving to much power to the federal government. Many Conservative Democrats formed a group called the American Liberty League. Their purpose was to stop the New Deal from subverting the U.S. economic and political system.
  • Demagogues: Many people wanted solutions to their problems, so they used media such a radio broadcasts to reach audiences. One of the things proposed was a secure income for the elderly.
  • The Supreme Court: President Roosevelt tried to do different things in the justice system such as removing the court to propose the New Deal.

Rise of Unions

  • Formation of the C.I.O: It was formed by a group of unions who concentrated on organizing unskilled workers in the automobile, steel, and southern textile industries.
  • Strikes: Strikes occurred because many resister union demands. One strike occurred in Flint, Michigan occurred because the workers insisted on their right to join a union.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act: The act provided regulations on businesses in interstate commerce.

Last Phase of the New Deal

  • Recession: The economy soon became a little better during Roosevelt's first term. The banks became stable, businesses became better, and the unemployment rates declined. Soon after the economy backward slide because partly the Social security Act reduced consumer spending at the same time that the Roosevelt was curtailing expenditures for relief and public works.
  • Weakened the New Deal: The economy didn't improve any. This caused people not to favor Franklin D. Roosevelt anymore. The New Deal reform was put to an instant halt.

Life During the Depression

  • Women: During the recession the women sought more jobs to help support the family. Although they sought more jobs men complained that they took more of their jobs. Women such as Eleanor Roosevelt campaigned for women equality.
  • Dust Bowl Farmers: Droughts occurred on the Great Plains which swept out many crops and caused farmers to move westward to California.
  • African Americans: Most Africans Americans did rise up during this time due to the New Deal Plan although there was still plenty of racial issues.
  • Native Americans: The Dawes Act of 1887 was repealed in 1934 helped return lands to control of tribes and supported the preservation of Native American cultures.
  • Mexican Americans: Mexicans were discriminated against as were the African Americans. They suffered a high unemployment rate which caused thousands os Mexican Americans to return to Mexico.
The Difference Between Liberal and Conservative
Labor Strikes 1920
The New Deal in Ten Minutes
Women in the workplace during the Great Depression