Tunisia

And everything you need to know about it!!!!!!

Location

Tunisia is a small country located in North Africa, in the North Eastern hemisphere. The nearby countries are Algeria, Libya, And Italy(Italy is across the Mediterranean sea). The close bodies of water are the Mediterranean sea, Gulf of Hammamat, And the Gulf of Tunis.


Capital: Tunis, Tunisia: 37 degrees North, 10 degrees East

How the the location of Tunisia affect the country?

There is a lot of grasslands in Tunisia, so a lot of the Country's income is due to agriculture. Most of its crops are dates, olives, wheat, and citrus fruits.The weather is hot and dry in the summer, and warm and wet in the winter.In conclusion, the location of Tunisia mostly affects the country in terms of economy.

How does the government and economy affect the people?

Government: Tunisia's government is mostly referred to as a republic, but really it is just a temporary one. Since 2011, after a dictatorship, the country is trying to decide on a permanent one. As of now, they are leaning towards a republic with Islam as their main religion. In other words, all the country's laws are based off of Islam. However, the country says that it's people will have freedom of worship, and equality for women. Most probably, this will cause lots of conflict, and the approvement of the new constitution will depend on the variety of the country's religions. For example, a Christian may not want to follow laws based on Islam. In other words, the less people following islam, the less chances the constitution will be approved.( it seems like the government is trying to appease all religions but having a hard time doing it.)



Economy: Tunisia has a market economy. It depends mostly on mineral production,tourism, and agriculture. The country has suffered a lot from a revolution in 2011, and there are signs of wreckage. This has minimized the tourism a lot. Unfortunately, there are now high unemployment rates, and the country is facing challenges on bringing budget expenses and other financial issues under control, even though most of the people are well educated.Right now, the coastal region is developing well, while the interior, is still having problems.

Man-made landmarks

Human environment interaction

How people are modifying the environment

  • cutting down trees to build buildings
  • building dams
  • mining for minerals

Important jobs that are being generated by the environment

Jobs in Tunisia that relate to the environment are farming, and mining.

Tunisia- Natural Resources Map

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Movement

Methods of communication

  • Telephones
  • Email
  • Messaging
All of these methods are continually being upgraded.

How are goods, natural resources, and people being transported ?

People mainly travel using buses, taxis, and trains. Occasionally, they use aviation.

Goods are transported through trains, boats and aviation, while natural resources are transported through pipelines.

How does the location of Tunisia affect its Movement ?

Tunisia is near the Mediterranean sea which is good for trade with European countries. Also, Tunisia is near Arab states so there is a lot of influence for Islam to be the country's main religion. This also brings in many different traditions and customs. Unfortunately, trade with other countries would cause the spread of many diseases.

Tunisia's Culture

Tunisia's main religion is Islam and the main language is Arabic.

A big part of Tunisia's culture includes food. Some of these include makhroud ,a date cake dipped in honey, different types of buiscuts, and couscous , wheat with vegetable and meat stews. Also family is very important for Tunisians. It is a big part of their social lives.


Tunisians take the practice of following customs very seriously. Here are some of the important ones:



  • When people of different genders greet, the woman must extend her hand first. If she doesn't, the men should simply bow their heads.
  • In parties, the host should introduce the people starting with the women and going in order from oldest to youngest.
  • Eat with your hands(usually), try all the food, and eat only with your right hand.

Tunisians traditional clothing consists of jebbas, blouza and Fortas, and sefsaris.

Important landforms, biomes, and major cities

Major Cities: Tunis, Nabeul, Zaghouan, Bizerte, Mahdia, Gafsa, Medenine


Landforms: Atlas Mountains, Tabassah Mountains, Majardah river valley, Mediterranean Sea, and the Chott El Jerid


Biomes: shrublands, deserts, and medditeranean biomes

What is the History of Tunisia

The history of Tunisia is very long and starts at 1100 B.C. It is said that The Phoenicians founded Tunisia. They set up a city called Carthage (near Tunis). In 146 B.C. the Romans defeated Carthage and ruled for 600 years. After that, a European tribe took over for some time. Around the 600"s the Arabs took over. At this point, Tunisia started to get accustomed to Arab/Islamic culture. All their present day traditions come from that period of time. In 1881, France took over; they started to control Tunisia's government and economy. Tunisia's war for independence started around the time of World War 1. They struggled for 20 years before they got their independence.

Finally, Tunisia selected a president called President Bourguiba. He ruled for a long time, and rebuilt the government, economy, provided voting rights for women, and built good schools. In 1987, the Prime minister Ben Ali claimed that President Bourguiba was not a good ruler and took over himself. He ruled as a dictator, and the people were not happy.

In January 2014, the people protested and Ben Ali was forced to flee to Saudi Arabia.As of now, the people of Tunisia are working on a new constitution that is yet to be approved

Bibliography

Works Cited

"TUNISIA." Tunisia Map / Geography of Tunisia / Map of Tunisia. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2014.

Perkins, Kenneth J. "Tunisia." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 5 Nov. 2014.


"Tunisia." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.


"Tunisia." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Derek M. Gleason. 13th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2012. Student Resources in Context. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


"Tunisia Profile." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.


"Tunisia - Language, Customs, Culture and Etiquette." The Translation Agency For A Complete Professional Translation Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014


"Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Tunisia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.