Leukemia

Did you know 34,000+ cases of leukemia are diagnosed each year in the United States alone, and only 44.3% of people survive 5 or more years, that’s 14,960 people. That’s a lot of people. Leukemia is bad type of cancer, now we have to fight it.

What is Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of cancer that disturbs the blood and bone marrow (marrow is the soft spongy stuff inside human’s bones.) It is caused when white and red blood cells grow out of control.

There are also four major types of leukemia; Acute myeloid leukemia, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia,Chronic myeloid leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. There are also three rarer types of leukemia; Hairy cell leukemia, Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. The type of leukemia is named after the cell it affects.

What might cause Leukemia

There are a lot of things doctors and scientists think might cause leukemia. Hair dyes, maternal fetal transmission( When a mother is pregnant and passes it to her child), Chemotherapy, and Viruses ( human T-lymphotropic, and HIV( Human Immunodeficiency virus)). People with down Syndrome also have a higher chance of getting leukemia. Some leukemia is also passed through generations of families.

Unlike normal blood cells leukemia cells don’t die so they may crowd out good blood cells and this can greatly affect the way leukemia spreads. Leukemia cells also divide themselves forming more and more leukemia cells, which can crowd out the good blood cells. The cells also can spread to the Brain and spleen.

Symptoms

In early stages of leukemia it can be hard to identify because it resembles other illnesses. Some of the symptoms are; blood clotting, frequent infections, weight loss due to enlarged liver or spleen, fever, chills, nausea, headaches, and pale skin. Leukemia can only be confirmed after several medical tests.

Diagnosis

Early diagnosis is important because the sooner you get treatment you have a better chance of controlling leukemia. Leukemia depends on the number of abnormal white blood cells in the body and where they are found.

In early stages of leukemia it can be hard to diagnose because it looks like other illnesses. Diagnosing takes several steps, first doctors look at the person’s medical history. Then they do a physical exam, they also do blood tests which is important since leukemia starts in the blood.Leukemia can only be diagnosed after medical tests.

A lot of people are diagnosed with leukemia about 48,610 per year in the whole world.

Treatment

Treatment differs depending on the person’s age, health, and type of leukemia they have. For the most effective treatment patients should visit a trained doctor. The most common treatments are Chemotherapy, and radiation ( radiation does not cause a person to be radioactive). Surgery is not usually an option because leukemia is a cancer in the blood and it is all over. Another cure is bone marrow transplant where doctors remove unhealthy marrow and replace it with healthy marrow.

Eating well is important since you need the right amount of calories or you will lose weight. Leukemia cells can often spread to the brain and spleen.

Checkups are very important because leukemia can come back. After treatment many people go on to live many years.
I have lost people from leukemia and I learned a lot about it and hope it helped you understand how bad it really is. We might not know what really causes leukemia but leukemia is bad lots of people die and suffer everyday now we have to find a way to fight back. Leukemia is a bad type of cancer, now we have to fight it.

Works Cited

http://www.lls.org/#/diseaseinformation/leukemia/


http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/142595.php


Peacock J. Chapter 4: Treatment for Leukemia. Leukemia (0-7368-0282-7) [serial online]. January 2000;:26. Available from: Book Collection Nonfiction: Middle School Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 14, 2014.


Peacock J. Chapter 3: Diagnosing Leukemia. Leukemia (0-7368-0282-7) [serial online]. January 2000;:18. Available from: Book Collection Nonfiction: Middle School Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 17, 2014


http://www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancer-information/cancer-information/cancer-types/leukemia/