Therapy?

But which kind?

There are different kinds of therapies that can be used in order to help patients with many different problems. Behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy are two of them.

There are different kinds of therapies that can be used in order to help patients with many different problems. Behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy are two of them.


Behavior therapy is focused on helping the patient change potentially self-destructive behaviors (Cherney, 2013), as well as making them understand how changing their behavior will lead to changes in the way they are currently feeling. Behavioral therapy is used by health professionals in order to help the patient change bad habits for healthier ones. This kind of therapy is used as well to help the patient deal with difficult situations they might be facing.

The main goal of behavior therapy is to increase the patient’s “engagement in positive or socially reinforcing activities.


Behavior therapy is a structured approach that carefully measures what the person is doing and then seeks to increase chances for positive experience” (Herkov, 2003). Some of the most common techniques used in behavioral therapy include self monitoring, role playing, journal writing, social skills training, and behavior modification.

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Behavior therapy is used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD, post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD, depression, social phobias, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism, personality disorders, substance abuse, and eating disorders (Cherney, 2013).

Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on helping the patient to become “aware of inaccurate or negative thinking” (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) so they can face different situations more clearly and act or respond in a more effective way.

Some of the techniques used in cognitive behavioral therapy include self-monitoring, systematic desensitization, and exposure therapy. This last one is hard for most people because it requires the patient to confront what they fear. Cognitive behavioral therapy is often a preferred type of psychotherapy because it can quickly help identify and cope with specific challenges, and it normally requires fewer sessions than other types of therapy.

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Cognitive behavioral therapy is used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, stress, sleep disorders, bipolar disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD, eating disorder, personality disorder, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy).

There are benefits to both behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Some of the benefits of behavioral therapy are improved social skills, improved emotional expressions, reduced incident of self-harm, and less outburst. On the other hand some of the benefits of cognitive behavioral therapy are that the patient becomes more rational, they learn to control their thinking. Cognitive behavioral therapy will also enhance the patient’s self-esteem and will teach them skills and strategies that can be used at any time and applied in everyday life (Kennard, 2014).

Procrastination and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

As stated earlier, Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat a wide range of issues and it is often prefer to other types of psychotherapies “because it can quickly help you identify and cope with specific challenges” (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), and you do not need a large number of sessions.

When treating procrastination, I would select to use cognitive behavioral therapy. Procrastination is defined as “to voluntarily delay an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse-off for the delay” (Rozental, and CarlBring, 2013). Procrastination is considered to be a persistent behavior which can cause psychological suffering. It has been calculated that half of the student population and about 15% to 20% of the adult population experience problems and difficulties due to procrastination.

Sadly, preconceptions and “a lack of knowledge restrict the availability of adequate care” (Rozental, and CarlBring, 2013) and treatment of procrastination. Because of this, it seems that cognitive behavior therapy is considered to be the best treatment.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is considered to be the most beneficial for patients suffering from procrastination. During cognitive behavioral therapy, the contact between therapist and patient will have a positive effect on the outcome of the treatment since procrastination “can be partially explained as a self-regulatory failure” (Rozental, and CarlBring, 2013). One of the cognitive behavioral therapy methods that can be used is behavioral activation. When it comes to procrastination, behavioral activation “helps the individual change an ongoing behavioral pattern so that tasks and commitments are approached rather than avoided. This usually requires some form of graded exposure considering the fact that procrastination is often reinforced by the unwillingness to experience discomfort” (Rozental, and CarlBring, 2013). This method is usually used in combination with other “cognitive therapy techniques that aim to modify rigid and dysfunctional thoughts and assumptions that hinder the individual to behave more flexibly” (Rozental, and CarlBring, 2013).

References:

Cherney, K. (June 4, 2013). Behavior Therapy. Healthline. Retrieved from: http://www.healthline.com/health/behavioral-therapy#Overview1

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cognitive-behavioral-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20013594

Herkov, M. (January 30, 2003). About Behavior Therapy. PsychCentral. Retrieved from: http://psychcentral.com/lib/about-behavior-therapy/

Kennard, J. (January 6, 2014). Benefits and Limitations of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Treating Anxiety. HealthCentral. Retrieved from: http://www.healthcentral.com/anxiety/c/4182/165578/benefits-limitations-treating/

Rozental, A., and Carlbring, P. (2013). Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Procrastination: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 2(2), e46. Retrieved from: http://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.2801

Top 5 List of Benefits of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Retrieved from: https://socialanxietyinstitute.org/top-5-list-benefits-cognitive-therapy

Image references:

Image 1 (Behavior Therapy). Retrieved from: www.comprehendthemind.com

Image 2 (Change your attitude). Retrieved from: www.summitiop.com

Image 3 (CBT). Retrieved from: www.psychologist-nh.com

Image 4 (Face the things). Retrieved from: www.phillypsychology.com

Image 5 (Therapy). Retrieved from: https://cfss.com/the-benefits-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-kids/

Image 6 (Help). Retrieved from: http://www.employeebenefits.co.uk/benefits/healthcare-and-wellbeing/cbt-offered-to-staff-referred-to-fit-for-work/106579.article

Image 7 (Brain). Retrieved from: http://psychologydegreelink.com/cognitive-behavioral-therapy#formPage_1

Image 8 (Procrastination). Retrieved from: http://www.superworkingmum.com/how-to-deal-with-procrastination/

Image 9 (If not now). Retrieved from: http://www.wisdomtimes.com/blog/stop-procrastination-and-manage-time-proactively/