Definition of diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce inability to produce anybody any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. (29.1 million people or 9.3% of the world's population have diabetes.)
When someone doesn't have enough insulin, the sugar stays in the blood, the cells don't get enough sugar for fuel and the body does not have energy to do it's work. Diabetes can effect major organs like your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eye sight and kidneys.
Some symptoms are...
- being very thirsty
- have to urinate frequently
- blurred vision
Cause of the Disorder
The cause of the type 1 diabetes is when your body is unable to produce insulin. The cause of type 2 diabetes can either be genetic or just living an unhealthy lifestyle.
Is Diabetes inherited?
People with type 1 diabetes inherit it from their parents . Single Gene mutation can cause Type 1 diabetes.
How to treat Diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin everyday, eat healthy, have a balanced diet, check their blood sugar and participate regularly in physical activities.
How is Diabetes diagnosed
Diabetes is diagnosed with oral glucose tolerance test. In order to do this, you have to fast overnight and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then drink sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours.