EMPEROR PENGUINS

By V.V.

DESCRIPTION

Classification


  • Birds



Special Body Covering


  • Have a thick layer of fat to help stay warm
  • Have a layer of waterproof feathers to keep their skin warm and dry when they swim in the cold water
  • Every year, they shed their old waterproof feathers and grow new ones
  • Black and white patterned skin



Size


  • 40 inches tall (102 cm)
  • Males weight about 84 pounds (38 kg)
  • Females weight about 65 pounds (29 kg)


Communication


  • Locate mates, babies, and others by calling each other
  • Each mating pair has a special call
  • At sea, they use a loud "ah" sound to communicate



Unusual Characteristics


  • They are birds that cannot fly
  • Waddle very slowly
  • On long journeys, they slide on their bellies to move faster, using their wings and feet to push along



Big image

FOOD CHAIN AND HABITAT

Food sources


  • Eat a variety of fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods.
  • Primarily eat antarctic silverfish
  • Also, eat squid and krill



Where Does The Endangered Species Find Food


  • Antarctic Ocean



Herbivore, Carnivore, or Omnivore


  • Carnivores


Predator/What Does It Hunt


  • Yes it is a predator
  • It hunts its prey (krill, squids, fishes)


Location


  • Antarctica - the coldest place on Earth



Terrain


  • Icebergs and glaciers



Climate


  • Lowest temperature -58 degrees Fahrenheit (-50 degrees Celsius) in winter
  • winds up to 124 mph (200 kph)



Home


  • They don't build homes
  • Instead, they live on top of sea ice in the freezing, cold air




Big image

ADAPTATION

Adaptations for Protection


  • Strong claws that grip on ice strongly
  • Deep diving skills
  • Underwater quickness
  • Ability to hold their breath


Structures

  • Have horny beaks with no teeth
  • Short, small "quack" sounds are used to communicate when alarmed
  • They camouflage with the dark ocean floor because they are black


Behaviors

  • Swim up to 8 mph (13 kph)
  • They do not migrate or hibernate but they do move in roogers, or packs, to find a place to mate
  • They do not hunt in packs
  • They find food for themselves by themselves and their chicks
  • They hide or camouflage from their predator the albatross


Adaptations for Getting and Eating Food

  • Catches food with its claws
  • Eats it whole no mather what it is
  • Feeds its chicks after biting of the head and tail of whatever it catches


Big image

REASONS FOR ENDANGERMENT

Why?


  • The development of coasts, over-fishing, and pollution have affected the penguins population
  • Pollution in air and industrial waste in the ocean reduces the ability of penguins to lay eggs and hatch successfully
  • Some researchers estimate that tens of thousands of penguins are killed each year by oil spills
  • Temperatures have increased by 4.5 degrees Fahrenheit over the last 50 years causing global warming
  • Global warming is causing ice capes to melt which happens to be habitat loss for penguins



What is Currently Being Done to Help


  • Biologists are implanting microchips under the bird's wings to monitor their population.
  • Scientists are using satellite tracking to keep number them and keep them away form danger.


How You Can Help

  • Try to stop emitting so much carbon dioxide into the air by biking and walking instead of driving a car
  • Save electricity to reduce global warming


Endangered Animals Foundation


  • Currently as you can see, these species are on the least concerned list and soon they will die out.
  • Please donate funds to conservatories so we can preserve this species because there are many threats to it but nothing happening to help them.










Big image