Birthday: August 30, 1871. Died: October 19, 1937.
Chemist and physicist
Earnest Rutherford was the fourth of twelve children, and the second son.
James, his father, had little education and struggled to support the large family on a flax-miller’s income. His mother, Martha, worked as a schoolteacher. She believed that knowledge was power, and placed a strong emphasis on her children’s education. Earnest spent most of his time after school working on the farm.
At the age of 10, Rutherford was handed his first science book, at Foxhill School. It was a very momorable moment for Rutherford, given that the book inspired his very first scientific experiment.
On October 19, 1937 Earnest Rutherford died of a strangulated hernia. He was alive for 66 years.