What you need to know
What is Anorexia Nervosa?
- Being more worried about, or paying more attention to, weight and shape
- Having an anxiety disorder as a child
- Having a negative self-image
- Having eating problems during infancy or early childhood
- Having certain social or cultural ideas about health and beauty
- Trying to be perfect or overly focused on rules
While Anorexia Nervosa is most prevalent in females it is important to note that men can develop this eating disorder as well. This disorder most typically develops in the teenage and young adult years, but can develop at any time.
- You can tell by looking at someone that they have an eating disorder
- Families are to blame
- Mothers are to blame
- Eating disorders are a choice
- Eating disorders are the province of white upper-middle class teenage girls
- Eating disorders are benign
- Society alone is to blame
- Genes are destiny
- Eating disorders are for life
Addressing these myths will help to make sure any individual who is suffering from Anorexia Nervosa will receive the proper and timely treatment.
Psychological Treatment Options
There are a variety of psychological treatment options. When treating an individual who has Anorexia Nervosa it is important to consider all options and seek out what treatment works best. According to the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (2004) the following psychological treatments may be helpful.
Family therapy helps to educate and bring on a greater understanding to the loved ones effected. Involving the family works to build a greater support system for the patient dealing with this complex illness (Duckworth & Freedman, 2013).
Support groups give those suffering with Anorexia Nervosa a safe place to share their thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Being able to speak with others who have common experiences and problems can help the patient not feel alone (Anorexia Nervosa, 2014).
Psychological Treatment Options
- Behavior Therapy
- Cognitive Analytic Therapy
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy
- Psychodynamic Therapy
- Psychological Treatment not otherwise specified
Choosing a Therapist
- Anorexia nervosa. (2014). U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm
- Bulik, C. (2014). 9 Eating disorder myths busted. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2014/9-eating-disorders-myths-busted.shtml
- Cleantis, T. (2011). How to find the best therapist for you. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/freudian-sip/201102/how-find-the-best-therapist-you
- Duckworth, K. & Freedman, J. (2013). Anorexia nervosa fact sheet. Retrieved from https://www2.nami.org/factsheets/anorexia_factsheet.pdf
- Eating disorders: Core interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa. bulimia nervosa and related eating disorders. (2004). National Collaborating Centre of Mental Health. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK49301/
- How to choose a psychologist. (n.d.). American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/choose-therapist.aspx