Lyndon B. Johnson
Sworn in on air force one at Dallas Love Field Airport after President Kennedy’s assassination.
Nickname was “Landslide Lyndon” (won Senate seat in 1948 with a vote margin of 87)
Promoted to Democratic Majority Leader in 1954
Ran as Kennedy’s running mate in 1960
Sworn into the Presidential spot in 1963 after Kennedy’s assassination
- Election of 1964 - won presidency with over 15 million votes and 61% of the overall vote (ran against Barry Goldwater who was republican)
The Great Society
- Great Society - Everything he wanted to accomplish during his term
- New acts of legislation put in place by congress
- Influenced Congress and caused them to create the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
- Nation's first African American cabinet secretary - Robert C. Weaver
- 4 main legislative accomplishments - education aid, voting rights bill, immigration reform, medical care for elderly and indigent
24th Amendment was passed 1964
Abolished the poll tax in federal elections
- Meant to help blacks vote in the south where they were discriminated against
Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War
- Viet Cong guerrillas attacked the U.S. air base, and Johnson responded by ordering bombing raids on North Vietnam
- Operation Rolling Thunder - bombings on Vietnam
- Gave Viet. Cong. a greater will to fight
- Public opinion was against Johnson. Draftees fled to Canada, burned draft cards, and refused to go and protested.
- Viet. Cong. forces attacked 27 Vietnamese cities but lost. Proved that Johnson's policy of gradually raising the stakes wouldn't work.
- Tonkin Gulf Resolution - gave Johnson complete power over the war in Vietnam. Wanted to punish North Vietnam for their attack on U.S. naval ships
Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act
- Originated by Kennedy. Made discrimination in private facilities open to the public unconstitutional and illegal
- Strengthened the power of the federal government, especially when dealing with the ending of segregation in schools
- Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Coalition - aimed at ending discriminatory hiring
- The act to enforce gender equality passed as well under title VII
- Led to black migration in the south
- "Watershed year"
- End of discriminatory and racial practice. Beginning of integration of blacks into society
- Public sentiment towards Vietnam left a liberal and anti-fegeral government view in people's minds
- Tet offensive was disastrous for the U.S.
- Kennedy was assassinated by an Arab immigrant due to his Pro-Israel stance
- Nixon won the 1968 election
- In retaliation of the Vietnam war, "Children's Crusade" swept the nation
- North Vietnam agreed to peacefully talk after Johnson ordered the bombardments to stop