Lyndon B. Johnson

Nicole Messer

Beginning

  • Sworn in on air force one at Dallas Love Field Airport after President Kennedy’s assassination.

  • Nickname was “Landslide Lyndon” (won Senate seat in 1948 with a vote margin of 87)

  • Promoted to Democratic Majority Leader in 1954

  • Ran as Kennedy’s running mate in 1960

  • Sworn into the Presidential spot in 1963 after Kennedy’s assassination

  • Election of 1964 - won presidency with over 15 million votes and 61% of the overall vote (ran against Barry Goldwater who was republican)

The Great Society

  • Great Society - Everything he wanted to accomplish during his term
  • New acts of legislation put in place by congress
  • Influenced Congress and caused them to create the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • Nation's first African American cabinet secretary - Robert C. Weaver
  • 4 main legislative accomplishments - education aid, voting rights bill, immigration reform, medical care for elderly and indigent

24th Amendment

  • 24th Amendment was passed 1964

  • Abolished the poll tax in federal elections

  • Meant to help blacks vote in the south where they were discriminated against

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • Viet Cong guerrillas attacked the U.S. air base, and Johnson responded by ordering bombing raids on North Vietnam
  • Operation Rolling Thunder - bombings on Vietnam
  • Gave Viet. Cong. a greater will to fight
  • Public opinion was against Johnson. Draftees fled to Canada, burned draft cards, and refused to go and protested.
  • Viet. Cong. forces attacked 27 Vietnamese cities but lost. Proved that Johnson's policy of gradually raising the stakes wouldn't work.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution - gave Johnson complete power over the war in Vietnam. Wanted to punish North Vietnam for their attack on U.S. naval ships

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • Originated by Kennedy. Made discrimination in private facilities open to the public unconstitutional and illegal
  • Strengthened the power of the federal government, especially when dealing with the ending of segregation in schools
  • Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Coalition - aimed at ending discriminatory hiring
  • The act to enforce gender equality passed as well under title VII
  • Led to black migration in the south

1968

  • "Watershed year"
  • End of discriminatory and racial practice. Beginning of integration of blacks into society
  • Public sentiment towards Vietnam left a liberal and anti-fegeral government view in people's minds
  • Tet offensive was disastrous for the U.S.
  • Kennedy was assassinated by an Arab immigrant due to his Pro-Israel stance
  • Nixon won the 1968 election
  • In retaliation of the Vietnam war, "Children's Crusade" swept the nation
  • North Vietnam agreed to peacefully talk after Johnson ordered the bombardments to stop