The University of Delaware Department of History
“The Origins of Settled Farming Villages: Unwrapping the Archaeological ‘Neolithic Package’ In New Mexico”
University of Delaware
Until the end of the last ice age around 12,000 years ago, the world was occupied by hunting-gathering groups, most of which migrated frequently, and were small, socially fluid and limited in their possessions and construction activities. Subsequently, many societies around the world developed or adopted agriculture and settled into sedentary hamlets or villages, creating the foundations which have shaped all subsequent historical societies. The cluster of technological, economic, social, political and ideological changes accompanying this transition, the so-called “Neolithic package,” appeared repeatedly and sometimes independently across the world, allowing comparisons to explore variation underlying these developments. This talk examines the Neolithic package in the mountains of central New Mexico, where agricultural villages appeared less than 1500 years ago. The study shows that the cluster of changes came together as a process over time, rather than as a package of directly linked transformations, and demonstrates the variation underlying this seemingly uniform worldwide process.
First and second year History graduate students are required to attend so plan to make the History Workshop a regular part of your Tuesday activities.