Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

By: Baylee Lawson


  • Family of over 100 viruses
  • 30 strains of viruses are spread through sexual contact
  • Elevates the risk of cervical cancer, as well as cancers of the anus, vagina, penis, and parts of the mouth and throat
  • Most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States

Cause or Mode of Infection

  • Can be received by having vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an affected partner
  • Even if the affected person shows no symptoms the virus can be passed


Get vaccinated:

  • Protects males and females
  • Vaccination should occur at 11 or 12 years of age.
  • Catch-up vaccines are recommended for men up to 21 years, and women up to 26 years.

If sexually active:

  • Use latex condoms properly each time.
  • Condoms do not guarantee full protection.
  • Be in a sexually monogamous relationship.

Get screened:

  • Women aged 21-65 should get regular Pap tests to screen for cervical cancer.

Method of Diagnosis

  • There is not an approved test for HPV.
  • People typically do not know until they develop symptoms, or more serious problems like cancer.
  • Doctors can diagnose HPV by examining oral, hand/feet, or genital warts.

Symptoms and Treatment

There is no treatment for the virus itself, only they symptoms associated.

  • Genital warts: treated by either the affected person or a physician. If left untreated the warts may go away, remain the same, or grow in size or number.
  • Cervical Precancer: can be treated if caught by a Pap test
  • HPV related cancers: are typically treatable if caught early enough
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  • It is estimated that every sexually active man and woman will acquire HPV.
  • An estimated 79 million women aged 14-59 are infected- with the highest amount being 20-24 years of age
  • Types HPV-16 and HPV-18 account for 99.7% of cervical cancers diagnosed.