By Joaquin Palma
History of Mongolia
Mongolia has once been ruled by various nomadic empires such as the Xiongnu state, Xianbei state, and many others. In 1206 Genghis Khan was able to unite or conquer the warring tribes, forging them into a fighting force to create the largest contiguous empire in the world history, the mongol empire. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Mongolia cam under the influence of Tibetan Buddhism. At the end of the 17th century, what is now Mongolia had been incorporated into the area ruled by the Manchu-led Qing dynasty. During the collapse of the Qing in 1911, Mongolia declared independence but had to struggle until 1921 to firmly establish independence.
People of Mongolia
The total population of Mongolia is 2, 953, 190 people. The ethnic groups in Mongolia are Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, and other 4.6%. The religions in Mongolia are Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, and none 38.6%. The languages Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkish 10%, and Russian 10%. The income per capita is 10,200.
- The birth rate is 20.88 births/1,000 population
- The death rate is 6.38 deaths/1,000 population
- The infant mortality rate is 23.15 deaths/1,000 population
- The infant mortality rate for females is 19.75 deaths /1,000 population and 26.4 deaths/1,000 population for males
- The life expectancy is 68.98 years
- The life expectancy for females is 73.45 years and 64.72 years for males
- The literacy rate is 98.4%
- The literacy rate for females is 98.6% and 98.2% for males
Mongolia's Cultural Traits
Mongolian culture is known for its hospitality. When guests arrive, offerings and treats are served. Animal husbandry is bug part of Mongolias culture. They raise goats, sheep, camel, and horses. Mongolians cherish their horses, they even still use horse as a mode of transportation.