Types of Mining

Avery Amrita Lilly


What is it? A way to get fossil fuels to produce energy.

How is it done? A process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground with high pressures to produce natural gas.

The Effects on the Environment:

- gallons of chemicals are used

- gallons of water being used in process

- number of feet in the ground

- active gases

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Surface vs. Subsurface

When an ore bed is on the surface it is considered surface mining. It is less expensive than sub surfacing and it can cover a bigger more shallow space. Subsurface mining is definitely more dangerous because of the depth and use of explosives.


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Strip Mining/Open Pit/Mountain Top - surface

STRIP- Removal of soil and rock above a layer of exposed minerals. This can expose minerals to the environments


OPEN PIT- The cut of the surface to extract the core, can be used in coal mining May expose harmful minerals.


MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL- Where the tops of mountains are removed exposing the seams of coals. These occurs in the Appalachian mountains. This can destroy the land and cause pollution


Slope/Drift/Shaft - subsurface

SLOPE- Method to get coal and ore from inside of the Earth. To access the inside a sloping shaft moves toward the desired area, which is usually on an incline.


DRIFT- To get to the desired area, a horizontal passageway. The passageways are tunnels made of rock that vary in size depending on the use.


SHAFT- A method of mining where a vertical tunnel that you enter from top to bottom.