Comparing Iceland and Egypt

By Jacklyn Hockey

Iceland

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Age Structure Analysis:

As the Age Structure Diagram of Iceland shows, Iceland's age population is fairly even between the ages of 0 - 54 years, then decreasing with the older age groups. However, Iceland ranks as #6 in highest average life expectancy per country. The populations of male and female are also nearly identical, considering that Iceland ranks as the #1 country highest in gender equality.

1. Current Population (2015):

317,351.

2. Population Structured By Age And Gender:

Ages 0-14 years: 20.43% (Men: 34,653 / Women: 33,161)


Ages 15-24 years: 14.03% (Men: 23,661 / Women: 22,914)


Ages 25-54 years: 40.09% (Men: 67,183 / Women: 65,871)


Ages 55-64 years: 11.67% (Men: 19,502 / Women: 19,230)


Ages 65 years and over: 13.78% (Men: 21,344 / Women: 24,399) (2015 est.)

3. Average Life Expectancy:

(At Birth) Total Population: 81.22 years.


Men: 78.98 years.


Women: 83.54 years.

4. Population Distribution:

In Iceland, 316,987 people (94.1% of total pop.) live in urban areas, while only 19,741 (6.2% of total pop.) live in rural areas.

5. Changes In Population Overtime and Recently:

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6. Future Of The Population:

Iceland's total population is expected to increase by 351 by 2020.

7. Security Of Food Supply Now It's Effect On The Population Of People:

Iceland is highly dependent on imports when it comes to their food supply, local production could be much better for their economy. The country's loose volcanic soil has made traditional large scale agriculture difficult in Iceland despite its nutrient-rich properties, but the rough and untamed terrain and challenging weather conditions have benefited Iceland and it's agriculture in interesting ways.

8. Health Care Concerns And How They Relate To The Population:

  • None.

9. Current Events Causing Changes In The Population:

  • None.

10. Environmental Concerns Facing The Population:

  • Water pollution from fertilizer runoff, creates less drinking water.
  • Inadequate wastewater treatment.
Reykjavik – the World’s Northernmost Capital City

Egypt

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Age Structure Analysis:

Egypt's Age Structure Diagram forms a more pyramid shape, like most developing countries. This shows that this country doesn't have a very high life average life expectancy, and children and babies make up the most populous age groups. It is also noticeable that the male population slightly outnumbers the female population, though, females tend to live longer on average.

1. Current Population (2015):

86,895,099.

2. Population Structured By Age And Gender:

Ages 0-14 years: 31.89% (Men: 14,430,312 / Women: 13,790,448)


Ages 15-24 years: 17.64% (Men: 7,985,589 / Women: 7,620,404)


Ages 25-54 years: 38.45% (Men: 17,307,230 / Women: 16,715,153)


Ages 55-64 years: 6.86% (Men: 2,971,475 / Women: 3,100,747)


Ages 65 years and over: 5.16% (Men: 2,058,911 / Women: 2,507,127) (2015 est.)

3. Average Life Expectancy:

(At birth) Total Population: 73.7 years.


Men: 71.06 years.


Women: 76.47 years.

4. Population Distribution:

In Egypt, 36,537,834 people (43.1% of total pop.) live in urban areas, while 48,167,847 people (45.0% of total pop.) live in rural areas.

5. Changes In Population Overtime and Recently:

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6. Future Of The Population:

Egypt's total population is expected to increase by 96,261 by 2020.

7. Security Of Food Supply And It's Effect On The Population Of People:

Their food population is strong in terms of Nutritional Standards, Safety, and Sufficiency of Supply Prevalence, though some challenges it faces includes Agricultural Import Tariffs and Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (PPP). Prevalence of Undernourishment is fairly uncommon, occurring at only 5% for the entire population

8. Health Care Concerns And How They Relate To The Population:

Major infectious diseases are at an intermediate degree of risk. They include:


  • Bacterial Diarrhea, Hepatitis A, and Typhoid Fever (food and waterborne)
  • Schistosomiasis (water contact)

9. Current Events Causing Changes In The Population:

  • Violent protests have been causing a spike in deaths, decreasing the population.
  • Struggling to contain a population explosion that has grown in the past three years, exacerbating many of the social tensions that indirectly led to the 2011 uprising.

10. Environmental Concerns Facing The Population:

  • Agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands, which could lead to decrease in crops.
  • Increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam, which could increase toxic levels in plants.
  • Desertification.
  • Other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents.
  • Limited natural freshwater resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source.
  • Rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources.
In the Streets of Cairo and Giza