Southern Colonies

Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland

Georgia

  • Founding - Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1732 along with other colonists
  • Economy - Focused on cash crops, mainly made their money from growing indigo, rice, sugar, and cotton
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 82,548 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Creek, Cherokee
  • Religion - No established religion
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South Carolina

  • Founding - Founded by Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II in 1663
  • Economy - Centered around cash crops, such as indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, and cattle
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 249,073 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Yamasee, Catawba, Cherokee
  • Religion - Anglican and others
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North Carolina

  • Founding - Founded by Virginian colonists in 1653
  • Economy - Relied on cash crops such as, indigo, rice, and tobacco
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 393,751 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Hatteras, Catawba, Cherokee
  • Religion - Anglican and others
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Virginia

  • Founding - Founded by John Smith in 1607
  • Economy - Focused on cash crops such as, tobacco, wheat, and corn
  • Government - Royal
  • Population - 747,601 (1790)
  • Native Americans - Powhattan
  • Religion - Anglican
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Maryland

  • Founding - Founded by Lord Baltimore in 1634
  • Economy - Relied on shipbuilding and iron works. Agriculture focused on corn, wheat, rice, indigo
  • Government - Proprietary
  • Population - 319,728 people (1790)
  • Native Americans - Conoy, Assateague, Susquehannock
  • Religion - Anglican and others
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