Caste System In India


Brahmans are mainly priests, no one excepet a brahman can be socacilly accepted as a priest. The wider community would never except the services of a non brahman or lower caste priests. The brahmans took an active part in politics. They were at the top of the caste system. Not all of them are priests, some can choose their own way of livelihood. Some own land and practice agriculure. A brahman can follow any profession they choose. Brahmans were at the top of the system so they looked down to others below them.


The Kshyatriyas were the second highest of the caste system and were generally warriors. Their name translated to "The Authority'. The legend that the Kshatriya were destroyed by Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu, as a punishment for their tyranny is thought by some scholars to reflect a long struggle for supremacy between priests and rulers.


Vaisyas are the third-highest of the main categories of the Hindu system. It consisted of the moneylenders, traders, or farmers. They were commoners which mostly worked in productive labor. Their life conisted of studying and sacrifice.


Lowest of the traditional varnes or social classes in india. They are traditionally artisans or laborers. They were not permitted to partake in upanayana which is the initiatory rite into the study of the Vedas. The Vedas were earliest literature of India.


Untochables had to clean up sewage, clean up dung paetty, clean up after a funeral, and work with animal skin. Physical contact between the untouchabels and different groups was not allowed. They had a very harsh way of life being outcasts to the society.