ELA Terms

By: Elena Medina

Connotation and Denotation

Connotation: something suggested or implied by a word or thing, rather than being explicitly named or described


Denotation: the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the words suggest.

Point of View:

1st person: typically when students use their spoken voice use pronoun such as (I, me, mine, myself, we, us, ours, ourselves)

-Personal Narrative


2nd person: this is never apporpriate in the formal academic essay use pronouns such as (You, yours, yourself, yourselves)

-A letter or email


3rd person limited: you have all of the constraints of first person, the person woudl wonder more precisely use pronouns such as (he, him, her, she, its, they, them)


3rd person omniscient: knows all the thoughs and feelings of all the characters in the story, use pronouns such as (he, him, her, she, them, their, its)

Simile and Metaphor

Simile: a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared,as in “she is like a rose".


Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something towhich it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, asin “A mighty fortress is our God.”.

Poetry