Ancient Greek Mathematics

By: C.Quinn

Archimedes of Syracuse

Archimedes of Syracuse, who was born around 287 BC, is considered of the greatest mathematicians of the ancient world. He's the first one who calculated the number pi. Many historians rank archimedes with Sir Isaac Newton and Carl Friedrich Gauss as one of the three greatest mathematicians who ever lived. He also found the area of a circle.


Greek first calculated the number for pi over 2,000 years ago. The concept of pi has been known for 4,000 years. The ancient Babylonians and Egyptians estimated pi, but Archimedes calculated it. Pi is used to calculate both area and circumference.
Mathematical Pi Song


Education in Ancient Greece varied on where you lived. The upper class got a better education. Some kids were taught how to be businessmen. Others are trained to be solders. It just depended on where you were. Only boys went to school.

Map of ancient Greece