Geographical and Climate Change

How has our Earth changed?


About 300 million years ago the 7 continents on our Earth that we have been learning about were all connected. It was one big supercontinent called Pangea. It started to break up about 175 million years ago. It is thought to look something like this.

Follow the link below and move the continents back to the way they were 300 million years ago.

Learn about the tectonic plates

Tectonic plates are constantly moving, however, at a fairly slow pace. They are what create our mountains, ocean trenches, volcano activity, and even earthquakes. Watch this video to learn how they helped changed Pangaea into the wondrous 7 continents on our earth!
Plate Tectonics Explained


Due to the plate tectonics moving, it not only has changed our geography but it has also changed our climate. CLIMATE is the pattern of weather over a long period of time. WEATHER is what we experience daily; we all know it can change within minutes here in Montana. Climate does change but it changes very slowly, just like our tectonic plates, which is why they go hand in hand. When Pangaea broke apart, the oceans moved which changed their current (moving warm and cold ocean water) having a major effect on the climate.

Current Global Warming

Click here to see the latest news on NASA and Earth's changes!


What do you think our globe will look like in the future? Geographically? What do you think the climate will be like?

Now practice labeling our 7 present day continents

Click here to get ready for the final test on the present day!

The Continental Drift Dance

Sing and dance along with Sid and people from ALL OVER THE 7 CONTINENTS!
The Sid Shuffle - Ice Age: Continental Drift


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  • Guido, Zack. "Past and Present Climate." Past and Present Climate. University of Arizona, 15 Sept. 2008. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.
  • "MOSI Outside: The Origin of the Butterfly." MOSI Outside: The Origin of the Butterfly. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2016.
  • Oskin, By Becky. "Continental Drift: Theory & Definition." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 04 Feb. 2015. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.
  • "Plate Tectonics - Pangaea Continent Maps." Pangea Continent Map. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2016.
  • "Sea Level Rise." Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.