Philippines

Alyssa G. 7th period

About the Philippines

Welcome to the Philippines!!!

The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands and volcanic mountains, and forests. The lava from the volcanoes gives the people fertile soil for agriculture or farming. Farmers have made built terraces on the steep slopes of the mountains. The Philippines also have terraced fields are strips of land cut out of a hillside like stair steps. The land can then hold water and be used for farming. The climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest, tropical savanna, tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical relative to high temperature, humidity, and lots of rainfall. There are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of rainfall. Based on temperature, the seven warmest months of the year are from April to October, the winter monsoons brings cooler air from November to March. May is the warmest month, and January, the coolest.

Slogan- Philippines "Where your adventures start"

Geography/ Climate

The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands and volcanic mountains, and forests. The lava from the volcanoes gives the people fertile soil for agriculture or farming. Farmers have made built terraces on the steep slopes of the mountains. The Philippines also have terraced fields are strips of land cut out of a hillside like stair steps. The land can then hold water and be used for farming. The climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest, tropical savanna, tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical relative to high temperature, humidity, and lots of rainfall. There are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of rainfall. This is dependent as well on your location in the country as some areas experience rain all throughout the year. Based on temperature, the seven warmest months of the year are from April to October, the winter monsoons brings cooler air from November to March. May is the warmest month, and January, the coolest.

People & Culture

The Philippines is only a Christian religion in Southeast Asia. About 90% of the Filipinos are following the Roman Catholic religion brought to the Philippines by the people from spain, the Spanish missionaries. The culture today in the Philippines mix many religions like Malay, Spanish, and many American influences. Filipinos had little sense of national identity until the revolutionary period of the nineteenth century. The word "Filipino" did not refer to native people until the mid-nineteenth century. Before that period, the treatment of the islands as a single governmental unit by Spain and the conversion of the population to Catholicism were the unifying factors. As a desire for independence grew, a national flag was created, national heroes emerged, and a national anthem was written. A national language was designated in 1936. National costumes were established. The sense of a national identity is fragile, with true allegiance given to a kin group, a province, or a municipality.
Ninety-five percent of the population is of Malay ancestry. The other identifiable group is of Chinese ancestry. Sino-Filipinos are envied for their success in business. They have maintained their own schools, which stress Chinese traditions.
Seventy to eighty language groups separate people along tribal lines. Approximately two million residents are designated as cultural minority groups protected by the government. The majority of those sixty ethnic groups live in the mountains of northern Luzon. People whose skin is darker are considered less capable, intelligent, and beautiful. Descendants of the Negritos tribe are regarded as inferior.

Government & Citizenship

The country has a republican form of government that was developed during the commonwealth period. It contains three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The first constitution, based on the United States Constitution, was written in 1935. When President Marcos declared martial law in 1972, that constitution was replaced by another one providing for a head of state, a prime minister, and a unicameral legislature. The president had the power to dissolve the legislature, appoint the prime minister, and declare himself prime minister. A new constitution was approved in a national referendum in 1987. It was similar to the 1935 constitution but included term limitations. The 221 members of the House may serve three consecutive three-year terms, which is also the case for provincial governors. The twenty-four senators, who are elected at large, may serve two consecutive six-year terms. The president serves one six-year term, but the vice president may serve two consecutive six-year terms. The president and vice president do not run on the same ticket and may be political opponents. The seventy provinces have governors but no legislative bodies. Over sixty cities have been created by legislation. Cityhood is desirable since cities are funded separately from the provinces so that additional federal money comes into the area. Each province is divided into municipalities. The smallest unit of government is the barangay, which contains up to two hundred dwellings and an elementary school. The barangay captain distributes funds at the local level.

By birth and which is the legal principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth. Also is the legal principle that, at birth, an individual acquires the nationality of his or her natural parent's.



Economy

The Philippines is considered a newly industrialized country, it has been transitioning from one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Goldman Sachs estimates that by the year of 2050, the Philippines will be the next 14th largest economy in the world. Major trading partners are the United States, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, The Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, Taiwan, and Thailand. The Philippines imports and exports semiconductors, electronic products, transport equipment, garments,copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil,and fruits. The Philippines has been named as one of the Tiger Club Economies together with Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.