Unit 2: Enduring Understanding

By Ilana Peet

Humans in Migration

Humans migrate for many reasons, but there are a few big ones.

1) Freedom of Religion

2) Fleeing From Conflict/Disease

3) Economy

4) Work

5) Change of Scenery

Humans in Creating Cultural Mosaics

People of all different races, countries of origin, and religions bring different cultures to the world around them. Depending on where a person comes from, they could have different social organization, customs, traditions, language, arts, literature, religion, forms of government, and economic systems.
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Humans in Balancing the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict Among Different Social Groups

In many countries, there are a number of social groups. In some countries, there is Upper Class, Middle Class, and Lower Class. The way these groups are broken up (or the percentage of people in each group) differs for every country. For example, a majority of the US is in the Middle Class, which is occupied by forty to fifty percent of the US.

During the 1920's (or the era of The Great Gatsby), when parties were extravagant and clothes were expensive, the Upper Class didn't normally associate with the Lower Class, as it was also much smaller than it is today.

Today, the Upper and Middle Classes work hard to help the lower class survive, with homeless shelters and soup kitchens for their access.

Real World Connections to Human Migration

1) Freedom of Religion: Back in Europe, Puritans disagreed with the beliefs of the English church, and the English Church shunned the Puritans as well. The Puritans moved to America to be free of the English church and have their own government, which would be governed by God and following their bible.

2) Fleeing From Conflict/Disease: Syria, Pakistan, and many other Middle-Eastern countries have people fleeing left and right to European countries because of terrorist attacks in the area.

3) Economy: Many people today, from many countries throughout the world, are migrating because of the economy. In Europe and England before America was discovered, Europeans farmed the land so much that their land became infertile or deprived of resources. In 1845-49, the Potato Famine caused many Irish people to immigrate to America because they were starving.

4) Work: Many people today travel for work because the wages in their country are bad. For example, there are many illegal and legal immigrants from Mexico that are coming to America to get better wages compared to their wages back home.

Real World Connections to Humans' Creation of Cultural Mosaics

In the U.S.A., cultures come from all over the world to blend and mix to create American culture. The form of government in the U.S. is a Democratic Republic, which allows its citizens to have most of a say, but the government is still in charge. It is also a government in which people vote for their leaders, representatives, senate members, and more. The U.S. also has a Capitalistic economic system, or one close to the definition. There are no countries that really have true Capitalism.

In other countries, such as North Korea, they have an oligarchy, which is a small group of leaders in full control. Germany, Italy, and Russia had Dictatorships during WWII, which means that there was one person in full control of the country. In countries such as China, they have a Communistic economic system, in which the government owns all the businesses and the people have all the same amount of money. In Canada, they have a Socialistic economy. This means that the government owns large businesses, but small or private businesses are owned by citizens.

All of these examples, and many more, create the cultural mosaic of the world humans live in.

Real World Connections to Humans Balancing the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict Among Different Social Groups

The U.S. is a big player in the part of balancing cooperation and conflict. Many of the U.S.'s leaders have thought that it is important to spread democracy to countries that are currently lead by dictators or otherwise unfair leaders. For example, the U.S. sent its military to spread democracy to Iraq in 2003.

In China, there is a huge gap between the wealthy and the rest of the citizens. The wealthy are mostly people who work in government. The rest of the citizens work in factories and are constantly waiting to get a job if they don't have one. There aren't enough jobs in China for everyone to be employed.

Examples of Power Shifting Between Social Groups in the Real World

During WWI, Japan took small islands and parts of other countries. This gave Japan power. During WWII, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because the U.S. stopped sending oil to Japan in order to stop them from fighting in the war. The U.S. went in with their troops and slowly closed in on Japan, taking back the islands that Japan took from Germany and hit Japan with two atomic bombs, leading to Japan's surrender. This allowed power to shift in the U.S.'s favor, and Japan was less powerful than before.
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How Power Shifts Between Social Groups Have a Negative/Positive Effect

This shift in power, and atomic bomb from the U.S., lead to a negative effect on Japan. Cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki both had devastating blows, killing around 200,000 people and caused radiation that lead to cancer in any survivors.

This shift had a positive effect on the U.S., however, because it showed that the U.S. could kill as many people as they wanted to get what they want.

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My Life Connections to Human Migration

During the early 1900's, my Great Grandmother lived in Sicily, Italy with her parents. She was born in the U.S., but her family moved back to Sicily and she was raised there.

Her family decided that one of the adults would move to America using her passport for better opportunities. She argued against it and moved to the U.S. alone at the age of fourteen.

My mother was born in New York, but moved to Maine when she was two years old. Her parents moved to Maine because her dad didn't like the changes in Long Island and her mom's brother lived in Maine.

I grew up in Maine as well, because my mother stayed there. My parents got divorced when I was in eighth grade (2013). About a year or less later, my mother met someone she went to middle school with and they started dating. He lived in New Hampshire, so she decided that she would move there too.

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My Life Connections to Human Creation of Cultural Mosaics

Religion in my family shaped many of the holidays that we celebrate. We celebrate all of the standard Christian holidays, though we don't go to church. My mother and father went to church when they were kids and passed the celebration of these holidays to my sisters and me.

We also came from a predominantly Italian family, so we are big fans of pasta.

These are a few examples of pieces of the mosaic that exists in our family.

My Life Connections to Humans Balancing the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict Among Different Social Groups

In my life, the social groups my family belongs in are two: adults and children. The children respect the adults and the adults respect the children. Adults have more power than the children, therefore if the children disrespect the adults, they get punished.

Bullets and Ballots

In Bullets and Ballots, I was in the U.S.A. group. Our group could not vote in the election, but had the most power over all. We could do an invasion and get what we wanted if the others disagreed with our needs.

In the beginning, the Army & Wealthy and the U.S. had the most power. The A & W shifted when they gained more MSU's and they seemed like they were in complete control. The U.S. had the final say in the game, leaving them to be the most powerful.

In the beginning of the game, The Army & Wealthy seemed like they had more power because they silenced three of the Guerrillas right off the bat. The U.S. had a say in this silencing as an agreement with the A & W. The A & W got all of the Guerrillas' MSU's when they were silenced, and they were ready to silence more. The U.S. made an agreement with the A & W so they wouldn't kill anyone else, but the A & W invaded. They mentioned that they were going to kill a few of the key peasants and were going to have the government stay in power. The U.S. invaded and decided to put the A & W leader on trial for crimes against humanity and had the election go on as planned.