Tuberculosis

By: Holly Gooding

What is Tuberculosis?

  • Tuberculosis is referred to as TB.
  • It is an infectious, potentially fatal disease that affects the lungs.
  • TB is contracted by inhaling air that contains droplets contaminated with TB bacteria.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Persistent cough
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in sputum

Treatment and Prevention

  • TB is treated with antibiotics. The antibiotics are taken over a period of several months to two years.
  • If the antibiotics are not taken as prescribed for the amount of time the doctor orders or drug-resistant strains can arise.
  • TB is prevented by avoiding close contact with people who have active TB and by staying healthy so the body can fight off infection.