What You Need to Know About

Type II Diabetes

How do I know if I have Diabetes?

Whether or not you have diabetes is determined by two different test: Glucose Tolerance Testing (GTT) and Insulin Testing. GTT determines whether or not you have diabetes. Insulin Testing determines which type of diabetes you have. GTT monitors the amount of sugar in the plasma, which is the liquid portion of blood, so if you have an increased amount of sugar, you most likely have diabetes. To determine which type, you would do an Insulin Test. Insulin Testing determines your level of insulin.

What happens in my body?

In Type II, diabetics produce insulin, but their body does not permit insulin to effectively do its job, due to your pancreas. Over time, your pancreas may make less insulin which will cause it to become more difficult to keep your blood sugar at the right level. With type II diabetes, your body builds insulin resistance, so it can no longer use the insulin which is being produced.

How can I improve my health?

Type II Diabetes is not impossible to cure. With exercise and a healthy diet, you could be back to how you used to be. Foods that are high in carbohydrates should be controlled and kept at a minimum because they raise your blood sugar level. Lean proteins that are low in saturated fats are highly recommended (Ex: fish or turkey) as well as whole grains, non-starchy vegetables, fresh fruits, monounsaturated fats (found in avocados, almonds, pecans), polyunsaturated fats (which are in walnuts, sunflower oil). Staying away from processed meat, saturated and trans fats, and processed foods would be a smart choice . These are all foods that can increase the risk of high blood pressure.

From someone on the inside

Q: How has your life changed from when before you were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?

A: First of all one gets depressed because it is a silent killer disease. Lots of other diseases are connected with disease like hypertension, obesity etc.

Q: Does having diabetes ever get in the way?

A: Having diabetes does get in the way. It also takes time to know what is good for your body.

Q: How have you had to adjust your diet?

A: Diet is another problem. Less Carbs and more proteins. Our Indian diet contains lots of carbs, hence to adjust to it is also problematic. (She is Indian so 99.9% of her meals are Indian which usually contain a lot of spices and butter/margarine)

Q: Was it hard to adjust to a new diet?

A: Yes it is very hard and it takes lots of effort.

Who can help me make better choices?

There are many people who can help one adjust to your new lifestyle after being diagnosed with type II diabetes.

Here are some professions that can be of help to you:

Many Nutritionists work with people that need special dietary needs. They will be able to help you decide and keep track of which foods are "safe" to eat, and which are not.

Endocrinologist are people who are specialized with diseases that have to do with the glands. They can help you better understand your situation and how to take control of it.

Ophthalmologist are people who specialize with eye diseases. Now, you may be wondering what in the world an eye doctor has to do with diabetes. There are late-stage eye diseases that are caused by diabetes, which can be taken care of by an Ophthalmologist.