Five Pillars of Islam

five aspects of a religion with nearly 1.6 billion adherents

Shahadah

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The profession that there is only one true god. An absolute requirement for all Muslims, based in the history of a traditionally polytheistic Arabian peninsula.

Salat

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A five times a day prayer, directed towards the Kaaba, in order to form a direct connection between Muslims and their god.

Zakaat

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A yearly almsgiving of two and a half percent of a Muslim's wealth to the poor and needy.

Sawm

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Fasting, especially during the month of Ramadan. Muslims are required to fast, only if they can, for thirty days each year in order to become closer to God.

Hajj

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A once in a lifetime pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca made to ensure devotion to God, maintain equality among Muslims, and provide a spiritual journey for those who are given the opportunity.