Southerners Disregard Federal Laws!
Jim Crow Laws Break New Amendments
Slavery might be over but the hardships for African Americans continue, especially in the South. A series of rigid anti-black laws, coined Jim Crow laws, have been around in mostly the South and border states. Under these laws blacks were treated as second class citizens which goes against the 14th Amendment. Some examples of these laws are “It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers.” —Birmingham, Alabama, 1930 “Marriages are void when one party is a white person and the other is possessed of one-eighth or more negro, Japanese, or Chinese blood.” —Nebraska, 1911 and “Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.”—Missouri, 1929. These laws affected almost every part of daily life, mandating segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants. "Whites Only" and "Colored" signs are constant reminders of the enforced racial order. Blacks supposedly get separate but equal treatment and facilities. Most of the time colored facilities are older, more worn down, and all in all worse quality than the white facilities. The Jim Crow system was upheld by local government officials and reinforced by acts of terror perpetrated by Vigilantes. Transit was a core component of segregation in the South. Keeping whites and blacks from sitting together on a bus, train, or trolley car might seem insignificant, but it was one more link in a system of segregation that had to be defended at all times — lest it collapse.